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Flashcards in FINAL Deck (119):
1

moving a joint or extremity toward the midline of the body

adduction

2

moving a joint or extremity away from the midline of the body

abduction

3

turning a joint or an extremity on its axis toward the body's midline

internal rotation

4

turning a joint or an extremity on its axis away from the bodys midline

external rotation

5

decreasing the angle between two bones

flexion

6

straightening a joint

extension

7

moving a joint past normal extension

hyperextension

8

turning the body or a body part to face upward

supination

9

turning the body or a body part to face downward

pronation

10

moving a body part in widening circles

circumduction

11

turning the feet inward so toes are pointing toward the midline

inversion

12

turning the feet outward so toes are pointing away from the midline

eversion

13

touching the thumb to each finger

opposition

14

forgetting to reposition a patient in a wheelchair for more than 1 hour may lead to

beginning of pressure ulcers

15

patients need to be repositioned in bed

every 2 hours

16

sitting in a wheelchair, without repositioning every hour can cause

pressure ulcers

17

bp

120/80

18

higher than 120/80

140/90

19

lower than 120/80

90/60

20

shearing can cause skin tears when

the patient is slid up in bed without lifting the body

21

the best wound care is

prevention

22

a patients body parts, when in a wheelchair exiting a room should be

contained inside the chair

23

when transferring a patient with a sit to stand the correct body position for the patient should be

elbows held closely to the body

24

who is responsible for wound protection

YOU

25

at least 5 beginning steps for bed bath

grab linens
knock
introduce self
close curtain
shut door

26

another name for nose bleed

epistaxis

27

another name for hiccup

singultus

28

another name for fainting

syncope

29

list 4 ending procedures of a bed bath

get them dressed
change the bed
call light, water, lower bed
open curtain

30

pulse rate range

60-100

31

when should you report the pulse to a nurse

above 100 or below 60

32

when should you report respirations to a nurse

above 20 or below 12

33

when should you report O2 levels to the nurse

below 85

34

where do you store dentures

in container with water

35

residents have the right to

privacy, safety, infection control

36

the rubbing of one surface against another

friction

37

when skin sticks to a surface while muscles slide in the direction the body is moving

shearing

38

how many times do you complete oral hygiene

a couple times a day. twice

39

involves bathing the face, hands, axillary, back buttocks, and perineal area

partial bath

40

what does RACE stand for

rescue alarm contain extinguish

41

how do you go down a ramp with a wheelchair

backwards

42

what do you know about isolation

how it spreads

43

what side is a garment removed from

strong side first

44

what side is a garment put on

weak side first

45

what are the 5 objectives

identify the role and responsibilities of the nursing assistant as a member of the health care team in the home and health care facilities.
function safely in the role of a beginning nursing assistant under the supervision of a licensed nurse.
demonstrate appropriate knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to provide nursing assistant level care to people of various ages, racial and ethnic backgrounds, at home and in healthcare facilities.
meet the requirements for and be eligible to take the required nurse aide competency exam, passage of which is necessary to be certified as a nursing assistant.
demonstrate a beginning understanding of the patients physical, psychological, social, and spiritual needs

46

surgically created opening between the colon and abdominal wall

colostomy

47

surgically created opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall

ileostomy

48

signs, symptoms, and behaviors of alzheimers disease increase during hours of darkness

sundowning

49

what does CAB stand for

c- chest compression
a- airway maintenance
b- breathing

50

what are elastic stockings used for

make circulation flow

51

another name for elastic stockings

TED HOES

52

what do you do if there is a loose or wrinkled bandage

re apply (get a new one)

53

what is a catastrophic reaction

extreme responses; the person reacts as if there is a disaster or tragedy

54

if you don't know what the nurse said what should you do

ask to clarify

55

seen, heard, felt, or smelled by an observer (signs)

objective data

56

things a person tells you about that you cannot observe through your senses

subjective data

57

before you get height and weight what should you do

ask the resident if they need to use the restroom

58

how do you take an apical pulse

on the apex of the heart

59

practices used to remove or destroy pathogens and to prevent their spread from one person or place to another person or place; clean technique

medical asepsis

60

the practices that keep items free of all microbes; sterile technique

surgical asepsis

61

PASS

pull aim squeeze sweep

62

prevent the hips and legs from turning outward

trochanter rolls

63

what is the purpose of bed cradles

keep the weight of top linens off the feet and toes because it will cause foot drop and pressure ulcers

64

purpose of foot boards

prevent plantar flexion that can lead to foot drop

65

hip abduction wedge

wedge is placed between persons legs; common after hip replacement

66

where are pillows put in a trochanter roll

under person from hip to knee, alongside body

67

head of bed is raised between 45-60 degrees

fowlers position

68

head of bed is raised 30 degrees

semi fowlers position

69

head of the bed is raised 60-90 degrees

high fowlers position

70

the back lying or dorsal recumbent position

supine position

71

lying on the abdomen with the head turned to one side

prone position

72

person lies on one side or the other; side-lying position

lateral position

73

left side lying position in which the upper leg is sharply flexed so it is not on the lower leg

sims position

74

90 mm Hg or higher but lower than 120 mmHg

systolic pressure

75

60 mm Hg or higher but lower than 80 mm Hg

diastolic pressure

76

oral temp

98.6

77

rectal temp

99.6

78

axillary

97.6

79

tympanic membrane

98.6

80

the loss of cognitive and social function caused by changes in the brain; interferes with routine personal, social, and occupational activities

dementia

81

how do you use validation therapy with a person with dementia

listen and provide empathy

82

24 hour specimen

urine is chilled on ice or refrigerated

83

brain disease

alz

84

many nerve cells that control intellectual and social function are damaged and die

alz

85

presentation of orientation information (eg time, place and person-related) which is thought to provide the person with a greater understanding of their surroundings, possibly resulting in an improved sense of control and self-esteem

reality orientation

86

restoring the person to his/her highest possible level of physical, psychological, social and economic function

rehab

87

what is the goal of rehab

prevent further loss of function

88

how do you feed a person who had a stroke

on their strong side

89

perineal and rectal areas are immersed in warm or hot water

sitz bath

90

what are sitz baths common for

hemorrhoids, surgeries

91

t or f you can apply heat to a metal implant

false

92

what causes dilation

heat applications

93

what causes constrictions

cold applications

94

how often do you check a person with a heat or cold application

every 5 minutes

95

5 stages of dying

denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance

96

what do you do for post mortem care

moving the body in good alignment
remove all tubes in the body
bathed soiled areas and replace with new ones

97

how do you do peri care

front to back

98

if a resident has a burn you do not

take off clothes

99

compress

small

100

pack

big

101

how much mL to survive

1500; normal output

102

how much is average mL

2500

103

how do you cut nails

straight across

104

top linens are not folded back

closed bed

105

top linens are fan folded back so person can get into bed

open bed

106

made with person in it

occupied bed

107

made to transfer a person from a stretcher to a bed

surgical bed

108

breathing fluid, food, vomitus, or an object into the lungs

aspirations

109

same amount of carbs, proteins, and fats are eaten at the same time each day

diabetes

110

what do you do to relieve choking

heimlich or abdominal thrusts

111

when are rescue breaths given

when there is a pulse but no breathing or only gasping

112

how many breaths are given every 30 chest compressions

2

113

excessive loss of blood in a short time

hemorrhage

114

persons with known or suspected infections or conditions that increases the risk of contract transmission

contact precautions

115

persons with known or suspected to be infected with pathogens transmitted by respiratory droplets; coughing, sneezing, talking

droplet

116

persons with known to be infected with pathogens transmitted person to person by airborne route; measles, chicken pox

airborne

117

keeps pathogens within a certain area

isolation precaution

118

most pathogens need what to grow

water, oxygen, nourishment

119

what does not prevent health care associated infections

sterilizing all care items