5/5 Quiz Review: TB, Fungi Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5/5 Quiz Review: TB, Fungi Deck (17)
1

Active TB: how to diagnose?

DO NOT use TST/IGRA

Use sputum AFB and culture

2

Diabetes: risk for TB?

Risk for developing TB; not for increased exposure to TB

3

Galactomann Positive: characteristic of what?

Aspergillus

4

Cavitary lung lesion: think of what 4 bugs?

CATH:

Cocciodiodes

Aspergillus (cavitary lesions)

TB

Histoplasma

 

5

Sinusitis that burrows through the nasal cavity?

tx?

Mucormycosis

Posaconazole + surgery

6

Thrush, HIV, central venous catheter, dissemination:

Clues for what infection?

Tx?

Candida

Fluconazole (unless resistant)

7

Bone marrow transplant, cavitary lung lesion, sinusitis, Glactomannan positive: what bug? tx?

 

Aspergillus

Voriconazole, caspofungin or amphotericin (not fluconazole)

8

Meningitis in an AIDS patient, pneumonia in immunocompromised, CrAg (

Bug? Tx?

Cryptococcus

Ampho B + 5-FC, transition to fluconazole

9

Burrowing necrotic sinus lesion, diabetes, iron overload, biopsy

Bug? Tx?

Mucormycosis

Surgery + Posaconazole

10

Self-limited pneumonia, Mississippi & Ohio River Valley, urine antigen

Bug? Tx?

Histoplasma

Fluconazole

11

Self-limited pneumonia, pulmonary nodule, eosinophilia, AZ, CA

Bug? Tx?

Cocciodiodes

Fluconazole

12

Bilateral pneumonia, pulmonary nodule, histo region plus northward

Bug? Tx?

Blastomycosis

Fluconazole

13

Purulent discharge, dissemination (extensor surfaces, knee arthritis)

Bug, Tx?

Gonorrhea

Ceftriaxone (but some resistance!)

14

Asymptomatic to mild, NAAT urine test to dx

bug, tx?

Chlamydia

Azithromycin, Doxycyclin

15

Pain, vesicles

bug? tx?

Herpes

Acyclovir

16

Primary: Painless chancre -- Secondary: Rash -- Tertiary: CNS or Aorta

Bug? Tx?

Syphilis

Penicillin

17

Frothy discharge, pain

bug, tx?

Trichomonas

Metronidazole