5. Adjectives Flashcards Preview

NT Greek – Grammar > 5. Adjectives > Flashcards

Flashcards in 5. Adjectives Deck (25)
Loading flashcards...
1

How does an adjective relate to a noun?

An adjective must agree with a noun in gender, case and number.

2

Define the attributive use of an adjective

When the adjective defines more precisely an attribute of one of the nouns or pronouns in a sentence.

They see the beautiful land

3

What happens when an attributive adjective comes after a noun with a definite article?

The definite article is repeated.

βλεπουσιν την γην την καλην

4

What is the word order for an attributive adjective?

1. article – adjective – noun

2. article – noun – article – adjective

1. βλεπουσιν την καλην γην

2. βλεπουσιν την γην την καλην

5

How do you distinguish between the two different kinds of ει?

1. with circumflex is 'you are'

2. with no accent is 'if'

 

6

Define the predicative use of an adjective

A predicative adjective qualifies a noun as its complement.

A predicative adjective is essential and completes the sentence.

7

How do you tell the difference between an attributive and predicative adjective?

Try deleting the adjective from the sentence. If it still makes sense, the adjective is attributive, if not, its predicative.

8

What is the word order for an predicative adjective?

1. article – noun – adjective

2. adjective – article – noun

1. ό νομος άγιος

2. άγιος ό νομος

9

What is unusual about the verb 'to be' in relation to predicative adjectives?

The verb 'to be' is often dropped out of sentences. It needs to be resupplied by the translator.

10

How do you spot when the verb 'to be' has dropped out?

1. If the sentence does not have a verb in it

2. If the adjective is in the predicative position

11

Define the noun use of an adjective

When an adjective is used as a noun.

12

How do you spot an adjective being used as a noun?

The adjective is put with the article.

13

What is the substantive use of an adjective?

When the masculine form is used to refer to people in general, not just men.

14

What does the case of a noun adjective reveal?

It's function in the sentence (subject, object etc.)

15

What does the gender of a noun adjective reveal?

Whether it is a person or a man (masc.) a woman (fem.) or a thing (neuter.)

16

Translate

the good person/man

17

Translate

the beautiful woman

18

Translate

the holy things

19

Translate

the dead (ones)

20

In long sentences, which word carries a large amount of stress?

The final word.

21

What is a 'sandwich' construction for a sentence?

When the adjective, genitive or preposition is put between the article and the noun.

βλεπω το του κυριου ιερον

βλεπω το εν τη γη ιερον

22

Define preparatory use of εστι(ν) / εισι(ν)

If they are put first in a sentence they mean 'there is' or 'there are'

εστιν τυφλος… There is a blind man…

23

Define nouns as complements

When a noun is used to describe another noun.

The son is the Lord

24

What case does a noun as complement take?

A noun as complement takes the same case as the noun it is describing.

25

How do you distinguish between a subject and a noun as complement?

Either:

1. The subject comes before the complement

2. The article is dropped from the complement

1. ο υιος εστιν ο κυριος

2. κυριος εστιν ο υιος