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Flashcards in 6. The Tenses Deck (40)
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1

What two things do the tenses communicate?

Time (when the action happens) and aspect (the nature of the action – process, completed etc.)

2

How are tenses distinguished?

1. adding prefixes and suffixes to the stem

2. by having a different set of endings

3

What is this prefix called?

An augment

4

Define present tense

Present – process or undefined

I am untying, I untie

5

Define future tense

Future – undefined

I will untie

6

Define imperfect tense

Past – process

I was untying

7

Define aorist tense

Past – undefined

I untied

8

Define process aspect

The process aspect means that the action is being viewed as part of an ongoing process, either continuous or repeated.

9

Define undefined aspect

1. It is truly undefined, meaning nothing is being implied at all about the manner in which the action occurred.

2. It is deliberately being used as opposed to using the process aspect, thus a punctilliar one-time sense is meant.

10

What is the difference between the aorist and imperfect tenses?

The aorist carries the undefined aspect and the imperfect the process aspect.

11

What are the three possibilities for the imperfect tense?

1. Continuous process (I was untying)

2. Repeated process (I used to untie)

3. A process in the past that is viewed as just beginning (I began to untie)

12

What happens when an ε augment is added to a word beginning with a vowel?

A contraction takes place.

13

ε augment + α = …

η

14

ε augment + ε = …

η

15

ε augment + ο = …

ω

16

ε augment + η = …

η

17

ε augment + ι = …

ι

18

ε augment + υ = …

υ

19

ε augment + ω = …

ω

20

How does an ε augment affect a compound verb?

The ε augment comes between the preposition and the verb's stem

απελυον

Watch out for elision!

21

What is the difference between contractions that occur when an augment is added to a verb that begins with a vowel, and an elision that happens when a preposition is followed by a vowel? 

A vowel at the beginning of a verb combines with the augment (contraction), while a vowel at the end of a preposition is normally destroyed by the augment (elision)

22

What happens when the σ suffix is added to verbs which end in particular consonants such as π?

A σ suffix will often combine with the final consonant of the verb's stem.

βλεπω – present

βλεψω – future

23

σ suffix + π = …

ψ

24

σ suffix + β = …

ψ

25

σ suffix + φ = …

ψ

26

σ suffix + τ = …

σ

27

σ suffix + δ = …

σ

28

σ suffix + θ = …

σ

29

σ suffix + ζ = …

σ

30

σ suffix + κ = …

ξ