5. Career Models, Including Portfolio And Protean Approaches (Week 10) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5. Career Models, Including Portfolio And Protean Approaches (Week 10) Deck (10)
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Describe traditional careers

1. progress through linear stages
2. Evolve within the context of one or two organisation
3. Job security in return for loyalty, commitments and adequate performance
4. Managed on a planned basis by the organisatin
5. Firm specific skills rather than general skills
6 Success defined by the organisation and measured by promotions, salary increases and status
7. Dominated research until the 90s


Context for changing career enviroment

1. Shifts in career resonsibility
2. greater employement precariousness in some industries
3. increase in participation of women - dual income
4. Downsizing, flatter organisational structure
5. Increased outsourcing and casualisation
6. Changing expectations, values and goals of individuals
7. Increased global competion


What are the emerging forms of career

1. Doesn't have to go upwards only. Can go side-ways or be non-linear
2. Can encompass multiple jobs across many companies
3. Success measured by factors other than career
4. Broad based employability skills emphasisesd
5. Individual responsbile for career


Cautionare issues regarding contemporary careers

- organisational commitment
- turnover
- absenteeism
- job performance
- organisational citizenship behaviour


What is a boundaryless career

- workers no longer consider themselves bound to one organisation
- workers operate as free agents
- broader criteria for gauging career success - meaningful work, skill utilisation, work-life balance and fulfilling relationships
- focused on skill development and marketability as a way to advance career rather than promotion and tenure


What is a protean career?

- Adaptable, flexible, independent worker capable of reienvention
- manage own career
- Personal identification with meaningful work. Career success = being able to do meaningful work
- continuous self-directed learning, autonomy, flexibility and self-fulfilment
- enlargement of career space to include non-work activities


What is a portfolio career?

- individual balances a portfolio of different changing opportunities
- collection of different bits and pieces of work for different clients - often a consultant or contractor
- portfolio of jobs is constantly changing
- Maintaining employ ability is key
- can assist individuals to achieve work-life balance but tend to be less secure careers


What is kaleidoscope career theory

- early career - predominant life / career pattern for women is to be concerned with goal achievement and challenge
- midcareer - women cope with issues of balance and family / relationshi demnds and therefore compromise wish for challenge
- Late career - women have been freed from balance issues and issues of authenticity arise


Describe the changing career enviroment

1. shifts in career responsibility
2. greater employment precariousness in some industries
3. increase in participation of women in the workforce
4. downsizing, flatter organisational structures
5. increased outsourcing and casualization of the workforce
6. changing expectations, values and goals of individuls
7. increased global competition


Organisational implications for kaleidoscope career theory

1. offer flexible work schedules
2. recognise that linear progression may not be relevant
3. field experiences, re-entry attraction
4. review reward systems based on facetime long hours and travel commitments
5. redefine family friendly
6. lobby government for initiatives to support