Flashcards in 5. Urinary Tract Infections Deck (14):
A drug that is appropriate for AST on an Enterococcus spp. isolated in urine
A localized infection, so no fever. Dysuria, frequency, and urgency. Urine may be cloudy, bloody, and foul smelling.
Built-in mechanism that prevents urine reflux
- Long, slender, helically-curved spirochete
- Zoonotic, from reptiles
3 organism that are normal colonizers of the distal end of the urethra?
Normal component of urine that is inhibitory to the growth of some bacteria?
High urea content
What can prostatitis lead to?
What is urosepsis?
UTI with accompanying bacteremia
2 methods in classifying UTIs?
- Frequency (single episode/chronic or recurrent)
- Severity (uncomplicated/complicated)
What is hydronephrosis
Bladder can't empty properly => urine gets pushed up into ureters and kidneys
Organism usually associated with hematogenous UTI
Organism count that indicates UTI
100 x 10*6 CFU/L
Frequency and dysuria without demonstrable infection. Urines cultures are usually sterile or have very low counts.
Acute urethral syndrome