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Flashcards in Ch 2 Deck (58)
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1
Q

To become an ISO who can make a difference, fire officers must build a foundation of blank, and that means theory.

A

Understanding

2
Q

Uncommon sense can be described as the ability of the ISO to ask and ponder two questions:

A

What is the worst that can happen here?

What is the probability of that happening?

3
Q

operational safety triad

Creating a safe operational environment is dependent on three components (the triad):

A

Procedures, equipment, and personnel.

4
Q

A blank is defined in writing and can take on many forms: SOP’s, SOG’s, departmental directives, temporary memorandums, and the like.

A

Formal process

5
Q

No matter what the source, the key component is that formal processes and evolutions are blank.

A

In writing

6
Q

Many departments around the country have adopted SOG’s in lieu of SOP’s, reasoning that a guideline is more blank and, more usable by blank and blank.

A

Flexible

Line officers and IC

7
Q

Blank are strict directives that must be followed with little or no flexibility.

A

Procedures

8
Q

Blank are adaptable templates that allow flexibility in application.

A

Guidelines

9
Q

Is a process or operation that is part of a departments routine but that it is not written.

A

Informal process

10
Q

Blank are typically learned through new member training, on the job training, and day to day routine.

A

Informal processes

11
Q

The first step in developing a formal SOP is establishing a ____________ to create, edit, alter, or delete established process it. Once the process is in place, a general format for SOP appearance and indexing is necessary.

A

Administrative process

12
Q

Once _______the writing of SOP’s can begin. It makes sense to write the most important ones FIRST.

A

Topics have been defined

First

13
Q

Two ways to determine which topics are most important for writing SOP’s.

A

Needs assessment

Look at external influences

14
Q

Flag the areas in which line firefighters and officers need guidance.

A

Need assessment

15
Q

OSHA regulations, insurance services office rating schedules, NFPA standards, and other requirements, and determine which areas affect the department most by not having a related SOP.

A

Look at external influences

16
Q

A well written SOP is determined if blank?

A

Firefighters follow it

17
Q

The ISOs role in procedures deals with blank and blank.

A

Application and review

18
Q

A practical application of SOPs puts the ISO in the blank to suggest changes to SOPs or even help create new ones for the department.

A

Best place

19
Q

The ISO who witnesses a failure to follow SOP’s during an incident should make a notation and bring up the infraction during blank or the next scheduled blank.

A

Post incident analysis or the next scheduled safety committee meeting.

20
Q

It is arguably the least important factor in the operational safety Triad.

A

Equipment

21
Q

Residential carpet monoxide detectors are designed to activate with as little as blank of carbon monoxide present in the air.

A

20 ppm

22
Q

OSHA regulations. Known as the blank, these regulations often outlined the equipment require for a given process to be accomplished.

A

Code of federal regulations

CFR

23
Q

OSHA reform is constantly being debated at the blank level.

A

Federal

24
Q

The vast majority of fire service equipment is tailored to meet or exceed blank. These consensus standards are designed to offer a minimum acceptable standard for equipment design, application, and maintenance.

A

NFPA standards

25
Q

Seven items suggested when writing equipment guidelines:

A
  1. Selection
  2. Use
  3. Cleaning and decontamination
  4. Storage
  5. Inspection
  6. Repairs
  7. Criteria for retirement

Sally Used Clean Shells In Race Cars

26
Q

Equipment designed to improve safety can actually lead to greater blank.

A

Risk taking

27
Q

A value given to the protective (insulative) quality of structural firefighting PPE and equipment.

Quite scientific, in simple terms it is a measurement given to the durability of equipment when exposed to a flash fire event.

A

Thermal protective performance rating

TPP

28
Q

It is more difficult to address the blank component of the safety triad because of the blank and blank involved.

A

People

Opinions and Emotions

29
Q

Three factors that must be addressed as part of the personnel leg of the safety triad:

A

Training, health, and attitude.

30
Q

A successful safety program usually works in tandem with a successful blank.

A

Training program

31
Q

In the process of learning and applying knowledge and skills.

Deals with “how” to do something.

A

Training

32
Q

The process of developing one’s analytical ability using principles, concepts, and values.

The understanding of “why” you do something.

A

Education

33
Q

In many ways, it is blank that helps to shape an individual’s values and attitudes.

A

Safety education

34
Q

Of all the people factors affecting safety, Blank is the hardest to address.

A

Attitude

35
Q

The departments safety culture is made up of the blank, blank, and blank that are passed from one generation to another.

A

Ideas, skills, and customs

36
Q

Many factors affect the attitude of an individual, and attitudes are dynamic. Of the many factors affecting safety attitude, the following few are especially prevalent in the fire service:

A

Safety culture
Death and injury hx
Example set by chiefs, officers and vets

37
Q

The chance of damage, injury, or loss.

A

Risk

38
Q

Process of minimizing the chance, degree, or probability of damage, injury, or loss.

A

Risk Management

39
Q

Risk Managers in most industries use a five step process called blank.

A

Classic Risk Management

40
Q

Step one of the five-step classic risk management process.

RLT 16

A

Hazard Identification

41
Q

Blank is the primary function of an ISO.

A

Identifying hazards

42
Q

Previous blank and blank help the ISO spot current and evolving hazards.

A

Training and education efforts

43
Q

Step two of the five-step risk management process.

A

Hazard Evaluation

45
Q

Once a hazard has been identified, it needs to be blank.

Once a hazard has been identified, it has to be assigned blank. In this step, a blank is established for a hazard in terms of blank and blank

A

Evaluated
Relative importance
Value
Frequency and severity

46
Q

Is the probability that an injurious event can happen, and it can best be described as low, moderate, or high based on the number of times that a particular hazard is present or the number of times injury results from the hazard.

A

Frequency

47
Q

Can be viewed as a harmful consequences or cost associated with injury or property damage from a given hazard. Descriptions of low, moderate, or high can be applied to blank.

A

Severity

48
Q

Step three in the five-step risk management process.

A

Hazard Prioritization

49
Q

Step four of the five step risk management process.

A

Hazard Control

50
Q

Once a hazard has been prioritized, efforts can be made to blank to the hazard or to blank the hazard.

A

Minimize exposure

Correct

51
Q

The overall strategy of hazard control is called blank.

It is accomplished using a blank to reduce the potential for accidents and injuries.

A

Mitigation

Hierarchy of controls

52
Q

In the simplest form, a control hierarchy includes the following steps:

A
  1. Design
  2. Guard
  3. Warn
53
Q

The fire service mitigation hierarchy refers to a preferred order of hazard control stages:

A
Elimination
Reduction
Adaptation 
Transfer
Avoidance
54
Q

Prior to elimination, though, hazard blank and blank are the control methods most often employed at an incident.

A

Adaptation and reduction

55
Q

The actual action used for mitigation is called a blank.

Definition: An action used to effect has heard medication.

A

Countermeasure

56
Q

Step five of the five step risk management process.

A

Hazard Monitoring

57
Q

The ability to revisit hazards and continually assess the operations and the environment to determine whether a hazard is truly being mitigated.

A

Cyclic thinking

58
Q

The hallmark of a good ISO is the ability to continually reassess blank.

A

Risk versus benefit

59
Q

The most common form of risk management include the use of a blank.

A

Five step process