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Flashcards in 5th Six Weeks Deck (2):
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Industrialization and Western Global Hegemony, 1750-1914

1700 C.E.
•1730-1850: Population boom in Western Europe
•1770: James Watt's steam engine; beginning of Industrial Revolution
•1776-1783: American Revolution
•1786-1790: First British reforms in India
•1788: Australian colonization begins
•1789-1815: French Revolution and Napolean
•1798: Napolean's invasion of Egypt

1800 C.E.
•1805-1849: Muhammad Ali rules Egypt
•1808-1825: Latin-American wars of independence
•1815: Vienna settlement
•1815: British annexation of Cape Town and region of Southern Africa
•1823: Monroe Doctrine

1825 C.E.
•1825-1855: Repression in Russia
•1826: New Zealand colonization begins
•1830, 1848: Revolutions in Europe
•1835: English education in India
•1838: Ottoman trade treaty with Britain
•1839-1841: Opium War between England and China
•1839-1876: Reforms in Ottoman Empire
•1840: Semiautonomous government in Canada
•1846-1848: Mexican-American War
•1848 ff.: Beginnings of Marxism

1850 C.E.
•1850-1864: Taiping rebellion in China
•1853: Perry expedition to Edo Bay in Japan
•1854-1856: Crimean War
•1867: Union of central and eastern Canada
•1858: British Parliament assumes control over India
•1860-1868: Civil strife in Japan
•1861: Emancipation of serfs in Russia; reform era begin
•1861-1865: American Civil War
•1863: Emancipation of slaves in U.S.
•1864-1871: German unification
•1868-1912: Meiji (reform) era in Japan
•1870: Establishment of Japanese Ministry of Industry
•1870-1910: Acceleration of "demographic transition" in Western Europe and the United States
•1870-1910: Expansion of commercial export economy in Latin America
•1871-1912: High point of European imperialism

1875 C.E.
•1877-1878: Ottomans out of most of Balkans; Treaty of San Stefano
•1879-1890s: Partition of West Africa
•1882: British takeover of Egypt
•1884-1914: Russian industrialization
•1885: Formation of National Congress Party in India
•1886-1888: Slavery abolished in Cuba and Brazil
•1890: Japanese constitution
•1890s: Partition of East Africa
•1894-1895: Sino-Japanese War
•1895: Cuban revolt against Spain
•1898: Formation of Marxist Social Democratic Party in Russia
•1898: Spanish-American War; U.S. acquires the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Hawaii; U.S. intervenes in Cuba
•1898-1901: Boxer Rebellion in China

1900 C.E.
•1901: Commonwealth of Australia
•1903: Construction of Panama Canal begins
•1904-1905: Russo-Japanese War
•1905-1906: Revolution in Russia; limited reforms
•1908: Young Turk rising
•1910: Japan annexes Korea
•1911-1912: Revolution in China; of empire
•1914-1918: World War I

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The Eastern Question

The "Eastern Question", in European history, encompasses the diplomatic and political problems posed by the "Sick man of Europe" (the Ottoman Empire), as it steadily weakened decade after decade.