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Flashcards in 7: Falls Deck (22)
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1

As you age, your likelihood of falling (increases / decreases).

increases

2

What is the percentage chance that an older person will die within one year of a fall?

10%

3

Older people who live alone have a greater mortality rate following falls - why?

They can't summon help

4

(Men / Women) are more likely to fall.

Women

5

Why does having fallen previously contribute to functional decline in older people?

Injury or fear of falling lead to immobilisation

Muscle disuse

Sarcopenia

6

What happens to your vision as you age?

Declines

7

What happens to your reaction time as you age?

Reaction time becomes more delayed

8

What is sarcopenia?

Loss of muscle mass AND function with age

9

Long-term ___ contribute to an older person's likelihood of falling.

long-term conditions

10

What cardiovascular symptom can trigger a fall?

(Pre)syncope

11

What are some cardiovascular diseases which can cause syncope?

Aortic stenosis

Arrythmias

Postural hypotension

12

What is postural hypotension?

Sudden drop in blood pressure upon standing

13

A problem with judgement, perception or orientation is also known as a ___ ___.

cognitive impairment

14

What ENT symptom can cause a fall?

Vertigo

i.e the sensation of spinning, not just "dizziness"

15

What is the most common vestibular disease causing vertigo?

How is it diagnosed?

How is it treated?

BPPV

Hallpike manoeuvre (turn the patient's head rapidly, look for strabismus)

Epley manoeuvre (series of rotations which are supposed to shift the crystals within the semicircular canals of the ear)

16

Which disease of the eye, common in old age, can contribute to falls?

Cataracts

17

Problems with the way you walk, i.e your ___, can cause falls.

gait

18

What are some diseases which affect your gait?

MSK problems e.g arthritis

Stroke

Parkinson's disease

19

Factors within the home, i.e ___ factors, can contribute to falls.

environmental factors

20

Whose job is it to change an older person's environment to decrease the likelihood of falls?

Occupational therapist

21

___, i.e being on loads of drugs, increases your likelihood of falling.

Polypharmacy

22