7 - Pelvic Girdle Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7 - Pelvic Girdle Deck (30):
1

What does the pelvic girdle consist of?

The two hip bones and the sacrum

2

What are the three main functions of the pelvic girdle?

to transfer forces from the axial skeleton to the lower limbprovide attachment for musclesprotect the pelvic area

3

Where do the hip bones articular with each other anteriorly and posteriorly?

Hip bones articulate with each other anteriorly at the pubic symphysisArticulate with the sacrum posteriorly

4

What is the hip bone formed from?

The fusion of three bones- The illium- The ischium- The Pubis

5

Up to the age of 18,how are the hip bones connected?

Triradiate cartilage in the acetabulum

6

What is the acetabulum?

A concave surface formed from the joining of the ilium, the ischium and pubis. Articulates with the pubis.

7

What is A?

A is the Ilium

8

What is B?

The acetabulum

9

What is C?

The ischium

10

What is D?

The pubis

11

What is A?

Illiac crest

12

What is the use of the iliac crest?

Many of the muscles and fascia of the abdomen attach here

13

What is B?

The illiac fossa

14

What is J?

The Gluteal surface of the illium, to which the gluteal muscles attach

15

What is the ischium composed of?

The body and the ramus (another name for a division)

16

What is O and what does it form part of?

The body of the ischium, forms part of acetabulum

17

What is N?

The ischial ramus

18

What is E?

The ischial tuberosity

19

What is the pubis composed of?

A body and two rami (divisions)

20

What is F?

The pubic symphysis, point of articulation of the two pubi

21

What is L?

Body of the pubis

22

What are K and M?

K - the superior ramus of pubisM - the inferior ramus of the pubis

23

What are I and G?

I - the superior ramus of the pubisG - the inferior ramus of pubis

24

What is H?

Body of ischium

25

What forms the "ring" of the pelvic girdle?

The pubic ami, the acetabulum, the ischium, the illium and the sacrum.

26

What does the ring formation of the pelvic girdle mean?

Fractures occur together - very difficult to break one side without breaking or dislocation the othe

27

What is the most common way to break pelvis??

Direct trauma, or by falls of feat - force is transmitted to pelvis from lower limb

28

Where do fractures occur in the pelvis?

Weaker points, such as the superior and inferior pubic rami, the acetabulum of in the region of the sacroiliac joint

29

What is a common complication of pelvic fractures?

Soft tissue injury - bladder and urethra are relatively close and can be damaged

30

What is the sacroilliac joint?

This