7 - Femoral Triange Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7 - Femoral Triange Deck (14):

What is the superior border S made up of?

the inguinal ligament, a ligament that runs from the anterior superior iliac spine to the pubis tubercle


What is lateral border L made up of?

The medial border of the sartorius muscle


What medial border M made up of?

lateral border of the adductor longus muscle


What is roof R made up of?

The fascia lata


What is base B made up of?

the pectineus and iliopsoas muscles


What does the inguinal ligament act as in the femoral triangle?

s a flexor retinaculum, holding the contents of the femoral triangle in the femoral triangle during flexion at the hip


Generally, in what order are the contents of the femoral triangle?

NAVEL N: NerveA: ArteryV: VeinE: Empty space – this is important as it allows the veins and lymph vesses to distend, so they can cope with different levels of flowL: Lymph canal


What are the contents of the femoral traingle speciffically?

Femoral nerveFemoral sheath, containing:Femoral arteryFemoral veinDeep lymph nodes and vessels


Where is the femoral pulse found?

Just inferior to where the femoral artery crosses the inguinal ligament - it crosses exactly midway between the pubis symphysis and anterior superior iliac spine.


What does the presence of the femoral pulse indicative of?

The presence of a femoral pulse means that blood is reaching the lower extremity.


What is important about the superficial nature of the femoral artery in the femoral triangle?

Easily accessible, so used to access the right side of the heart via catheter


What is a hernia?

A hernia is a where an internal part of the body pushes through a muscle or body wall


What is a femoral hernia?

part of the bowel pushes into the femoral canal, underneath the inguinal ligament


How does a femoral hernia manifest itself clinically? How can it be treated?

a lump or bulge in the area of the femoral triangle. It requires surgical intervention to treat.