7 - Theories of Language Acquisition Flashcards Preview

z. Linguistics 373 > 7 - Theories of Language Acquisition > Flashcards

Flashcards in 7 - Theories of Language Acquisition Deck (5)
Loading flashcards...
1

Behaviourism

- Pioneered by Skinner, psychologist
- All learning, verbal or otherwise, takes place by means of the same underlying process - forming habits
- Knowledge is the product of interaction with the environment through ST-RE conditioning (think Pavlov)

2

According to Skinner, how is language acquired?

- Language is acquired through forming habits by Imitation, Repetition, and Practice
- There is no innate knowledge of language
- If learners receive positive reinforcement from speakers in their environment, they will learn relatively easily

3

Innatism

- Pioneered by Chomsky, also known as Universal Grammar (UG)
- claims that humans are biologically equipped with UG (set of rules for all languages) which is part of one's Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
- Humans have a unique genetic endowment that ables them to learn language
- Social interaction alone is not enough to explain language acquisition

4

What are the main arguments for Innatism?

1. Success-at-same-time: developmental stages across all normal children generally progress at the same ages
2. Same-success-different-conditions: No matter the conditions (social, economic, or otherwise), all normal children are able to develop language
3. Logical problem and poverty of stimulus arguments
4. Active Participation Argument: Children do not learn all of their language through learning; they develop a creative system on their own

5

Interactionist Model

- Pioneered by Piaget
- Language is no different than general human learning
- There is no domain-specific built-in human knowledge
- Language is developed entirely through social interaction