Flashcards in 8 Branches of the External Carotid Deck (58)
The infrahyoid artery, sternocliedomastoid artery, superior laryngeal artery, and circothyroid artery are branches of what branch of the external carotid artery?
Superior Thyroid Artery
What muscles are supplied by the Superior Thyroid artery and its four branches?
Name the smallest branch of the external carotid arteries.
Ascending pharyngeal artery
What structures are supplied by the ascending pharyngeal artery?
Meninges of the Brain
What are the 2 branches of the Lingual artery that are important to our studies?
How many branches of the Lingual artery are there total? (Hint:we only need to know 2)
What structures does the lingual artery supply?
Floor of the mouth and tongue
What structures are supplied by the sublingual artery?
Sublingual salivary gland
What structures are supplied by the deep lingual artery?
What are the 5 main branches of the Facial Artery?
Superior Labial Artery
What is the terminal branch of the facial artery?
What structures are supplied by the ascending palatine of the facial artery?
What structures are supplied by the submental artery of the facial artery?
Submandibular salivary gland
What structures are supplied by the Inferior Labial artery of the facial arteries?
Depressor muscles of facial expressions...
Depressor anguli oris
What structures are supplied by the Superior labial artery of the facial arteries?
What structures are supplied by the Angular artery of the facial arteries?
Tissues lateral to the nose.
Where is the occipital artery found?
Posterior and Superior to the ascending ramus of the mandible.
What structures are supplied by the Occipital Artery?
What is the 3rd most superior branch of the external carotid arteries?
What structure(s) are supplied by the Posterior Auricular Artery?
Internal portion of the ear
What two functions is the internal portion of the ear responsible for?
Sense of hearing
What branch of the external carotid artery sometimes looks like a bulge on the side of the face in the temporal region?
Superficial Temporal Artery
What structures do the superficial temporal artery supply?
Frontal and Parietal Scalp
Which of the 8 external carotid branches is the largest terminal branch?
What structures does the Maxillary artery supply?
Muscles of Mastication
Oral and Nasal Cavities
What are the two regions of the Maxillary artery?
Infratemporal (TYPICALLY run inferior)
Pterygopalatine (TYPICALLY run superior)
What are the branches of the Maxillary Artery that are in the infratemporal region?
(Hint: May I Make More Intelligent Decisions Please Ms. Becky)
Which branch of the Maxillary artery sits underneath the pterion?
What is the pterion?
The weakest point of the skull where the sphenoid, temporal, and parietal bones meet.