8 Branches of the External Carotid Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 8 Branches of the External Carotid Deck (58)
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The infrahyoid artery, sternocliedomastoid artery, superior laryngeal artery, and circothyroid artery are branches of what branch of the external carotid artery?

Superior Thyroid Artery

1

What muscles are supplied by the Superior Thyroid artery and its four branches?

Hyoid muscles
Sternocliedomastoid muscles
Larynx

2

Name the smallest branch of the external carotid arteries.

Ascending pharyngeal artery

3

What structures are supplied by the ascending pharyngeal artery?

Pharyngeal walls
Soft Palate
Meninges of the Brain

4

What are the 2 branches of the Lingual artery that are important to our studies?

Sublingual
Deep Lingual

5

How many branches of the Lingual artery are there total? (Hint:we only need to know 2)

Four

6

What structures does the lingual artery supply?

Suprahyoid Muscles
Floor of the mouth and tongue

7

What structures are supplied by the sublingual artery?

Sublingual salivary gland
Mylohyoid
Mucous Membranes
Lingual gingiva

8

What structures are supplied by the deep lingual artery?

Tongue muscles

9

What are the 5 main branches of the Facial Artery?
Hint: ASISA

Ascending Palatine
Submental
Inferior Labial
Superior Labial Artery
Angular

10

What is the terminal branch of the facial artery?

Angular artery

11

What structures are supplied by the ascending palatine of the facial artery?

Soft palate
Palatine Muscles
Tonsils

12

What structures are supplied by the submental artery of the facial artery?

Submandibular salivary gland
Lymph nodes
Mylohyoid muscles
Digastric muscles

13

What structures are supplied by the Inferior Labial artery of the facial arteries?

Lower Lip
Depressor muscles of facial expressions...
Mentalis
Depressor anguli oris

14

What structures are supplied by the Superior labial artery of the facial arteries?

Upper lip

15

What structures are supplied by the Angular artery of the facial arteries?

Tissues lateral to the nose.

16

Where is the occipital artery found?

Posterior and Superior to the ascending ramus of the mandible.

17

What structures are supplied by the Occipital Artery?

Posterior Scalp
Suprahyoid muscles
Sternocliedomastoid muscles
Meninges

18

What is the 3rd most superior branch of the external carotid arteries?

Posterior Auricular

19

What structure(s) are supplied by the Posterior Auricular Artery?

Internal portion of the ear

20

What two functions is the internal portion of the ear responsible for?

Balance
Sense of hearing

21

What branch of the external carotid artery sometimes looks like a bulge on the side of the face in the temporal region?

Superficial Temporal Artery

22

What structures do the superficial temporal artery supply?

Parotid gland
Temporalis muscle
Frontal and Parietal Scalp

23

Which of the 8 external carotid branches is the largest terminal branch?

Maxillary Artery

24

What structures does the Maxillary artery supply?

Muscles of Mastication
Oral and Nasal Cavities

25

What are the two regions of the Maxillary artery?

Infratemporal (TYPICALLY run inferior)

Pterygopalatine (TYPICALLY run superior)

26

What are the branches of the Maxillary Artery that are in the infratemporal region?

(Hint: May I Make More Intelligent Decisions Please Ms. Becky)

Middle Meningeal
Inferior Alveolar
Mylohyoid
Mental
Incisive
Deep Temporal
Pterygoid branches
Medial pterygoid
Lateral pterygoid
Masseteric
Buccal

27

Which branch of the Maxillary artery sits underneath the pterion?

Middle meningeal

28

What is the pterion?

The weakest point of the skull where the sphenoid, temporal, and parietal bones meet.

29

What does the middle meningeal artery of the maxillary arteries supply?

meninges