Flashcards in 8 Branches of the External Carotid Deck (58):
The infrahyoid artery, sternocliedomastoid artery, superior laryngeal artery, and circothyroid artery are branches of what branch of the external carotid artery?
Superior Thyroid Artery
What muscles are supplied by the Superior Thyroid artery and its four branches?
Name the smallest branch of the external carotid arteries.
Ascending pharyngeal artery
What structures are supplied by the ascending pharyngeal artery?
Meninges of the Brain
What are the 2 branches of the Lingual artery that are important to our studies?
How many branches of the Lingual artery are there total? (Hint:we only need to know 2)
What structures does the lingual artery supply?
Floor of the mouth and tongue
What structures are supplied by the sublingual artery?
Sublingual salivary gland
What structures are supplied by the deep lingual artery?
What are the 5 main branches of the Facial Artery?
Superior Labial Artery
What is the terminal branch of the facial artery?
What structures are supplied by the ascending palatine of the facial artery?
What structures are supplied by the submental artery of the facial artery?
Submandibular salivary gland
What structures are supplied by the Inferior Labial artery of the facial arteries?
Depressor muscles of facial expressions...
Depressor anguli oris
What structures are supplied by the Superior labial artery of the facial arteries?
What structures are supplied by the Angular artery of the facial arteries?
Tissues lateral to the nose.
Where is the occipital artery found?
Posterior and Superior to the ascending ramus of the mandible.
What structures are supplied by the Occipital Artery?
What is the 3rd most superior branch of the external carotid arteries?
What structure(s) are supplied by the Posterior Auricular Artery?
Internal portion of the ear
What two functions is the internal portion of the ear responsible for?
Sense of hearing
What branch of the external carotid artery sometimes looks like a bulge on the side of the face in the temporal region?
Superficial Temporal Artery
What structures do the superficial temporal artery supply?
Frontal and Parietal Scalp
Which of the 8 external carotid branches is the largest terminal branch?
What structures does the Maxillary artery supply?
Muscles of Mastication
Oral and Nasal Cavities
What are the two regions of the Maxillary artery?
Infratemporal (TYPICALLY run inferior)
Pterygopalatine (TYPICALLY run superior)
What are the branches of the Maxillary Artery that are in the infratemporal region?
(Hint: May I Make More Intelligent Decisions Please Ms. Becky)
Which branch of the Maxillary artery sits underneath the pterion?
What is the pterion?
The weakest point of the skull where the sphenoid, temporal, and parietal bones meet.
What does the middle meningeal artery of the maxillary arteries supply?
What does the Inferior Alveolar artery of the maxillary artery supply?
Posterior molars of the mandible (#30, #31, #32)
What two arteries branch from the Inferior Alveolar artery of the maxillary arteries?
What does the Mylohyoid Artery of the maxillary arteries supply?
Floor of the Mouth
What does the Mental Artery of the Inferior Alveolar artery supply?
Tissues of the Chin
What does the Incisive Artery of the Inferior Alveolar artery supply?
Mandibular premolars and anterior teeth.
What does the Deep Temporal artery of the maxillary artery supply?
What does the pterygoid branches of the maxillary artery supply?
Medial and Lateral Pterygoid muscles.
What does the Masseteric artery of the maxillary artery supply?
What does the Buccal artery of the Maxillary Artery supply?
Buccinator (accessory muscle of mastication)
What branches of the Maxillary Artery are in the Pterygopalatine region?
Posterior Superior Alveolar
Anterior Superior Alveolar
What structures does the posterior superior alveolar artery of the maxillary artery supply?
What structures are supplied by the Infraorbital artery of the maxillary artery?
What branches off from the infraobital artery?
Anterior Superior Alveolar
What structures are supplied by the Anterior Superior Alveolar artery of the Infraorbital artery?
Maxillary Anterior teeth (Canines & Incisors)
What two arteries are created by the Descending Palatine artery?
What structures are supplied by the Greater Palatine of the descending palatine artery?
1st quadrant of palatal gingiva
What structures are supplied by the Lesser Palatine of the descending palatine artery?
Soft tissue posterior to its foramen
What is the terminal branch of the Maxillary Artery?
Which artery of the maxillary arteries is responsible for MAJOR nose bleeds?
Posterior superior alveolar and Anterior superior alveolar are examples of what pathway?
"Dental" Arterial Anastomoses
What artery joins with the Greater Palatine artery to create a Dental Arterial Anastomosis?
What is the difference between the arterial circulation pattern between the maxilla and mandible?
The maxilla is essentially double wired! There are no redundancies in the mandible.
Meninges are supplied by 4 different arteries, what are they?
The Mylohyoid is supplied by 4 arteries, what are they?
Submental Artery of the Facial Artery
The floor of the mouth is supplied by what two arteries?
The sternocliedomastoid is supplied by what two arteries?
The suprahyoid muscles are supplied by what two arteries?