Major Arteries of the Heart Flashcards Preview

Head and Neck Circulatory System > Major Arteries of the Heart > Flashcards

Flashcards in Major Arteries of the Heart Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
0

What is a baroreceptor?

A type of blood pressure monitor.

1

In what two vessels of the heart are barorecptors found?

The aortic arch and the common carotid.

2

What is the innervation for the baroreceptors found in the aortic arch?

Cranial nerve 10

3

What is the innervation for baroreceptors found in the common carotid artery?

Cranial nerve 9

4

What are the three branches of the aortic arch?

Brachiocephalic
Left Common Carotid
Left Subclavian

5

What does the Brachiocephalic artery branch into?

Right Subclavian and Right Common Carotid

6

Blood is pumped out of which ventricle?

Left Ventricle

7

Where does the Common Carotid branch to form the Internal and External Carotid arteries?

Thyroid cartilage or carotid sinus

8

The internal carotid supplies blood to what structures?

Meninges (linings of the brain)
Eye
Orbit
Lacrimal gland

9

How many branches belong to the external carotid artery?

8 branches

*remember SALFO PMS

10

What structures receive blood supply from the external carotid artery?

Extracranial tissues
Oral Cavity

11

Describe the four directions branches of the external carotid artery arise using correct anatomical terminology.

Anterior
Medial
Posterior
Terminal

12

What branches of the external carotid artery arise anteriorly?

Superior Thyroid
Lingual
Facial

13

What branch of the external carotid artery arises medially?

Ascending pharyngeal

14

Which branches of the external carotid artery arise posteriorly?

Occipital
Posterior Auricular

15

Which branches of the external carotid artery arise terminally?

Superficial Temporal
Maxillary

16

What is the terminal (last) branch of the external carotid artery?

Superficial Temporal

17

What are the 8 branches of the external carotid artery?

SALFO PMS

Superior Thyroid
Ascending pharyngeal
Lingual
Facial
Occipital
Posterior Auricular
Maxillary
Superficial Temporal

18

What is the most inferior branch of the 8 external carotid artery branches?

Superior Thyroid

19

What is the function of the coronal arteries?

To bring blood back to the heart between heart beats from back flow.