8: Public health - cervical cancer screening & vaccination Flashcards Preview

Reproduction Week 3 2018/19 > 8: Public health - cervical cancer screening & vaccination > Flashcards

Flashcards in 8: Public health - cervical cancer screening & vaccination Deck (22)
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1

What is the most common cancer in women under 35?

Cervical cancer

2

Cervical cancer is most common in which group of women?

Under 35s

3

What is the main factor affecting cervical cancer's mortality rate?

Early detection

4

More deprived populations have (greater / reduced) rates of cervical cancer.

greater deprivation = greater rates

True for lots of diseases

5

What type of testing is carried out for cervical cancer among high-risk populations?

Screening tests

6

Screening tests for cervical cancer are aimed at (asymptomatic / symptomatic) patients.

asymptomatic patients

7

What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?

Abnormal vaginal bleeding / discharge

Intermenstrual bleeding

Post-coital bleeding

Dyspareunia

8

If a woman has symptoms of cervical cancer, they should receive a ___ test.

diagnostic test

9

What does cervical screening involve?

Gynaecological examination

Visual examination, then smear sample from transformation zone of cervix

10

Women of which ages are offered cervical screening?

25 - 64 years old

11

How often are women aged

a) 50 - 65

b) 25 - 49

offered cervical screening?

a) Every 5 years

b) Every 3 years

12

From where are cervical smears taken?

Squamocolumnar junction / Transformation zone

13

What is the coverage of a screening test?

Number of people being screened / Number of ELIGIBLE people

14

What is the uptake of a screening test?

Number of people being screened / Number of people INVITED for screening

15

Does coverage and uptake of a screening test mean the same thing?

No

Coverage takes into account everyone who could benefit (eligible)

Uptake takes into account everyone who was invited for screening; not everyone who is eligible is invited

16

Which virus causes cervical cancer?

HPV

17

Which types of HPV are known to cause

a) genital warts

b) cervical cancer?

a) Genital warts - HPV 6 & 11

b) Cervical cancer - HPV 16 & 18

18

Who is currently vaccinated for cervical cancer?

Girls in S1 - S3

MSM < 45 years old

19

Which types of HPV are now vaccinated against?

6

11

16

18

i.e those most responsible for genital warts AND cervical cancer

20

What is the HPV vaccine called?

Gardasil

21

Which percentage of cervical cancers are caused by HPV 16 & 18?

70%

22

HPV vaccination removes the need for cervical screening - true or false?

Why?

False

Vaccinates against HPV 16 & 18, which cause 70% of cervical cancers - therefore 30% of cancers aren't vaccinated against