What is the most common cancer in women under 35?
Cervical cancer is most common in which group of women?
What is the main factor affecting cervical cancer's mortality rate?
More deprived populations have (greater / reduced) rates of cervical cancer.
greater deprivation = greater rates
True for lots of diseases
What type of testing is carried out for cervical cancer among high-risk populations?
Screening tests for cervical cancer are aimed at (asymptomatic / symptomatic) patients.
What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
Abnormal vaginal bleeding / discharge
If a woman has symptoms of cervical cancer, they should receive a ___ test.
What does cervical screening involve?
Visual examination, then smear sample from transformation zone of cervix
Women of which ages are offered cervical screening?
25 - 64 years old
How often are women aged
a) 50 - 65
b) 25 - 49
offered cervical screening?
a) Every 5 years
b) Every 3 years
From where are cervical smears taken?
Squamocolumnar junction / Transformation zone
What is the coverage of a screening test?
Number of people being screened / Number of ELIGIBLE people
What is the uptake of a screening test?
Number of people being screened / Number of people INVITED for screening
Does coverage and uptake of a screening test mean the same thing?
Coverage takes into account everyone who could benefit (eligible)
Uptake takes into account everyone who was invited for screening; not everyone who is eligible is invited
Which virus causes cervical cancer?
Which types of HPV are known to cause
a) genital warts
b) cervical cancer?
a) Genital warts - HPV 6 & 11
b) Cervical cancer - HPV 16 & 18
Who is currently vaccinated for cervical cancer?
Girls in S1 - S3
MSM < 45 years old
Which types of HPV are now vaccinated against?
i.e those most responsible for genital warts AND cervical cancer
What is the HPV vaccine called?
Which percentage of cervical cancers are caused by HPV 16 & 18?
HPV vaccination removes the need for cervical screening - true or false?
Vaccinates against HPV 16 & 18, which cause 70% of cervical cancers - therefore 30% of cancers aren't vaccinated against