fundus of stomach
The upper dome shaped part of the stomach
body of the stomach
The main section of the stomach between the lesser and the greater curvatures
pylorus of the stomach
the bottom section of the stomach below the body and before the pyloric sphincter
the opening of the stomach into the 1st section of the Duodenum
The lower curvature of the stomach, conected to the greater oomentum and location of the left and right gastro-omental arteries
the double layer of double layers that goes form the stomach to the transverse colon!
the upper curvature of the stomach and locatio of the right gastric artery!
the double layer connectio between the lesser curature of the stomach and the liver
the upper sectio of the lesser oomentum
the lower section of the lesser oomentum, location of the portal triad, and connection from the liver to the duodnum
the portal vein, the common bile duct and the common hepatic artery.
1st (superior) portion of the duodenum Intraperitoneal
the first section of the duodenum after the pyloric sphincter.
duodenal cap (bulb)
the bulbous begining of the duodnum, located just beyond the pyloric sphencter
descending part. (2nd) of duodenum retroperitoneal
the second section of the duodenum
ampulla of vater
major duodenal papilla, the raised section of the duodenum that marks the location of the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct entering the duodenum
mojor and minor duodenal papilla
the major is the opening for the main pancreatic duct, the major is the opening for the minor pancreatic duct.
3rd (transverse) part. retroperitoneal
the part of the duodenum that courses accross the abdomen
superior mesenteric artery, located from the aorta, courses over the duodenum 3rd section and down to supply the mid gut.
the superior mesenteric vein, from the portal vien courses over the 3rd duodnum to drain the mid gut.
4th (ascending) part. retroperitoneal
the last section of the duodenum located on the far left.
suspensory ligament (of treitz)
connective tissue and smooth muscle and courses from the left crus of the diaphragm to the fourth part of the duodenum.
The liver is attached to the inferior surface of the right dome of the diaphragm via this
ligament marking the boundry of the bare are of the liver
region devoid of peritoneum between the coronary ligaments and, therefore, lies in direct contact with the diaphragm.
left and right lobes
two halves of the liver
the lobe of the liver that is next to the gallbladder, anterior of the medial caudel section of the liver
the lobe that is posterior bottom section of the liver in the middle. looks more squarish.
peritoneal structure that courses between the left and right lobes of the liver and the anterior abdominal wall.
left and right hepatic ducts
left and right divisions of the bile ducts within the liver
common hepatic ducts
the bile duct that exits the liver below the cystic duct.
connected to the cystic duct and then to the common bile duct, it stores bile
connection between the gall bladder and the common bile duct
common bile duct
the duct that carries bile from the liver to the major duodenal papilla to go into the duodenum
pancreas head, neck, body and tail
the large section of the pancreus near the major duodenal papilla, the next, middle, and smallest end of the pancreus
the duct that caries the digestive enzymes from the pancreus to the major dueodenum papilla or ampulla of vator
below the stomach, helps to filter blood, and to provide immune system regulation
the ligament between the stomach and the spleen
the base of the "three headed monster" coming off of the aorta right below the lesser oomentum
celiac ganglia and plexus of nerves
nerves that provide sympathetic innervation to much of the foregut, arise from the greater splanchnic of T5-T9
left gastric artery
artery from the top of the celiac trunk, to the lesser curvature of the stomach
common hepatic artery
artery from the celiac trunk and courses towards the liver
hepatic artery proper
the common hepatic artery biforcates into the gastroduodenal artery, gives off the right gastric artery and then heads to the liver as the...
right gastric artery
arises from the common hepatic artery and courses to the lesser curvature of the stomach
the artery to the esphagus
artery that comes off of the celiac trunk and courses under the stomach to the spleen
left gastroomental artery
come off of the splenic artery and course along the greater curvature of the stomach
short gastric artery
branch off of the splenic artery just before the spleen and course up to top of the stomach along the greater curvature
cystic artery (off R hepatic a.)
comes off of the right branch of the proper hepatic artery and goes long to supply the gall bladder.
arises from the common hepatic artery and dives down towards the pancreas and the duodenum
right gastroomental artery
arises from the gastroduodenal artery and and courses along the greater curvature of the stomach
superior pancreaticoduodenal artery
arises from the gastroduodenal artery and courses to the pancreus. the inferior version comes from the superior mesenteric artery.
Cardia of the stomach
the connection of the stomach to the esophagus.