9/30 Anatomy Lab Flashcards Preview

FOM Quiz 4 > 9/30 Anatomy Lab > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9/30 Anatomy Lab Deck (52):
1

fundus of stomach

The upper dome shaped part of the stomach

2

body of the stomach

The main section of the stomach between the lesser and the greater curvatures

3

pylorus of the stomach

the bottom section of the stomach below the body and before the pyloric sphincter

4

pyloric sphincter

the opening of the stomach into the 1st section of the Duodenum

5

greater curvature

The lower curvature of the stomach, conected to the greater oomentum and location of the left and right gastro-omental arteries

6

greater omentum

the double layer of double layers that goes form the stomach to the transverse colon!

7

lesser curvature

the upper curvature of the stomach and locatio of the right gastric artery!

8

lesser omentum

the double layer connectio between the lesser curature of the stomach and the liver

9

hepatogastric ligament

the upper sectio of the lesser oomentum

10

hepatoduoenal ligament

the lower section of the lesser oomentum, location of the portal triad, and connection from the liver to the duodnum

11

portal triad

the portal vein, the common bile duct and the common hepatic artery.

12

1st (superior) portion of the duodenum Intraperitoneal

the first section of the duodenum after the pyloric sphincter.

13

duodenal cap (bulb)

the bulbous begining of the duodnum, located just beyond the pyloric sphencter 

14

descending part. (2nd) of duodenum retroperitoneal

the second section of the duodenum

15

ampulla of vater

major duodenal papilla, the raised section of the duodenum that marks the location of the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct entering the duodenum

16

mojor and minor duodenal papilla

the major is the opening for the main pancreatic duct, the major is the opening for the minor pancreatic duct. 

17

3rd (transverse) part. retroperitoneal

the part of the duodenum that courses accross the abdomen

18

SMA

superior mesenteric artery, located from the aorta, courses over the duodenum 3rd section and down to supply the mid gut.

19

SMV

the superior mesenteric vein, from the portal vien courses over the 3rd duodnum to drain the mid gut.

20

4th (ascending) part. retroperitoneal

the last section of the duodenum located on the far left.

21

suspensory ligament (of treitz)

connective tissue and smooth muscle and courses from the left crus of the diaphragm to the fourth part of the duodenum.

22

coronary ligaments

The liver is attached to the inferior surface of the right dome of the diaphragm via this

23

triangular ligaments

ligament marking the boundry of the bare are of the liver

24

bare area

region devoid of peritoneum between the coronary ligaments and, therefore, lies in direct contact with the diaphragm.

25

left and right lobes

two halves of the liver

26

quadrate lobe

the lobe of the liver that is next to the gallbladder, anterior of the medial caudel section of the liver

27

caudate lobe

the lobe that is posterior bottom section of the liver in the middle.  looks more squarish.

28

falciform ligament

peritoneal structure that courses between the left and right lobes of the liver and the anterior abdominal wall.

29

left and right hepatic ducts

left and right divisions of the bile ducts within the liver

30

common hepatic ducts

the bile duct that exits the liver below the cystic duct.

31

gall bladder

connected to the cystic duct and then to the common bile duct, it stores bile

32

cystic duct

connection between the gall bladder and the common bile duct

33

common bile duct

the duct that carries bile from the liver to the major duodenal papilla to go into the duodenum

34

pancreas head, neck, body and tail

the large section of the pancreus near the major duodenal papilla, the next, middle, and smallest end of the pancreus

35

pancreatic duct

the duct that caries the digestive enzymes from the pancreus to the major dueodenum papilla or ampulla of vator

36

spleen

below the stomach, helps to filter blood, and to provide immune system regulation

37

gastrosplenic ligament

the ligament between the stomach and the spleen

38

celiac trunk

the base of the "three headed monster" coming off of the aorta right below the lesser oomentum

39

celiac ganglia and plexus of nerves

nerves that provide sympathetic innervation to much of the foregut, arise from the greater splanchnic of T5-T9

40

left gastric artery

artery from the top of the celiac trunk, to the lesser curvature of the stomach

41

common hepatic artery

artery from the celiac trunk and courses towards the liver

42

hepatic artery proper

the common hepatic artery biforcates into the gastroduodenal artery, gives off the right gastric artery and then heads to the liver as the...

43

right gastric artery

arises from the common hepatic artery and courses to the lesser curvature of the stomach

44

Esophageal artery

the artery to the esphagus

45

splenic artery

artery that comes off of the celiac trunk and courses under the stomach to the spleen

46

left gastroomental artery

come off of the splenic artery and course along the greater curvature of the stomach

47

short gastric artery

branch off of the splenic artery just before the spleen and course up to top of the stomach along the greater curvature

48

cystic artery (off R hepatic a.)

comes off of the right branch of the proper hepatic artery and goes long to supply the gall bladder.

49

gastroduodenal artery

arises from the common hepatic artery and dives down towards the pancreas and the duodenum

50

right gastroomental artery

arises from the gastroduodenal artery and and courses along the greater curvature of the stomach

51

superior pancreaticoduodenal artery

arises from the gastroduodenal artery and courses to the pancreus.  the inferior version comes from the superior mesenteric artery.

52

Cardia of the stomach

the connection of the stomach to the esophagus.