9 22 Anatomy-Table 1 Flashcards Preview

FOM Quiz 4 > 9 22 Anatomy-Table 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9 22 Anatomy-Table 1 Deck (158):
1

What are the seven "shelves" of the abdominal wall?

Skin; Hypodermis; External muscle fascia; muscle and aponeuroses; internal muscle fasica; Extra-coelomic tissue.

2

Mesothelium lining the internal surface of the body cavity

Coelomic Sac

3

Layers of the abdominal wall composed of Epithelium with some connective tissue

Skin and Coelomic Sac

4

Layers of the abdominal wall composed of adipose and CT

Hypodermis and Extra-coelomic tissue

5

layers of the abdominal wall composed of dense connective tissue

External muscle fascia and internal muscle fascia

6

layers of the abdominal wall composed of skeletal muscle and some dense CT

Muscle and aponeuroses

7

how do we identify the left and right on an anotomical image?

it is just the left and right as you look at it.

8

the layer below the skin that is mostly fat

hypodermis

9

superficial layer of the hypodermis that is primarily adipose te\issue and fat

camper's fascia

10

deepest layer of the hypodermis that is made of dense connective tissue

scarpa's fascia

11

goes all the way around the abdominal wall, made of dense connective tissue and sub the hypodermis

External muscle fascia layer

12

external muscle fascia in the back of the abdomen

The acolumbar fascia

13

External muscle fascia in the side of the abdomen

fascia of external oblique

14

External muscle fascia in the front of the abdoment

blends with rectus sheath

15

what are the general muscle layers of the body wall as derived from the hypomere

ventral strap muscles; the 4-layered lateral wall muscles; subvertebral layer.

16

what are the first 2 layers of the body wall muscles in the abdomen

The external oblique: has a supracostal and bodywall muscles

17

what is the 3rd layer of body wall muscle in the abdomen called?

the internal oblique muscle

18

what is the fourth layerof the body wall muscles in the abdomen called

Transverse abdominis muscle; qudralus lumborum muscle (in the back)

19

what is the subvertebral layer muscle in the abdominal

psoas major muscle (there is a psoas minor muscle too!)

20

the internal muscle fascia beneath the abdominal muscles

transversalis fascia

21

the fascia continuous with the transversalis fascia but over the layer four muscle in the back

quadralus lumborum fascia

22

the fascia continuous with the transversalis fascia but over the subvertebral layer muscle

Psoas fascia

23

the fatty adipose and connective layer that is between the internal muscle fasia and coelomic sac

the extra-coelomic tissue

24

the extra-coelomic tissue that is just before the coelomic sac in the front

preperitonial fascia

25

The extra-coelomic tissue that is behind the coelomic sac in back

Retroperitoneal fascia

26

the mesothelium lining the abdominal body cavity

Coelomic sac

27

"pariatal pleura" of the abdominal cavity

coelomic sac

28

the layer of the coelomic sack on the side of the body wall

the parietal layer of the coelomic sac

29

The fold in the coelomic sack in the front of the abdominal wall

the median umbilical fold

30

The fold in the coelomic sck in the front of abdominal wall but on either side of the center line

th medial umbilical folds

31

the fold int the coelomic sack in the front of the abdominal wall but on either side of the medial line

Lateral umbilical folds

32

The parietal layer of the coelomic sac can been seen as the:

Parietal peritoneum of the abdominal cavity

33

what is the median umbilical fold surrounding?

the Urachus (obliterated umbelical)

34

what is the medial umbilical fold surrounding?

obliterated umbilical arteries

35

what is the lateral umbilical folds surrounding?

the inferior epigastric arteries and viens

36

What are the layers of the abdominal wall

Skin; Hypodermis (camper's fasica, Scarpa's fascia); External oblique and associated apenerousies; Internal oblique with associated apenerousies; Transverus abdominis muscles; transversalus fascia; Extra coelomic fascia or extra serousal fascia or extraperitoneal fascia (also known as preperitoneal, subperitoneal, or retroperitoneal fascia depending on location) the perietal peritonium

37

what happens to the transversus abdominis muscle as you go down the abdominal

it fuses with the transversalis fascia

38

located in the extraperitoneal fascia and space, not in the processus vaginalis

the testis

39

what happens as the testis is pulled down to form the scrotum

the abdominal wall layers come with it so that all of the layers exist in the scrotum

40

the extra space that is an extension of the peritoneal cavity into the scrotum

processus vagniatis

41

surrounds the testis with a little fluid

the processus vaginaitis

42

the canal that connects the testis with the abdominal wall

the inguinal canal

43

the outside opening of the canal that conects the testis with the abdominal wall

the superficial inguinal canal

44

the opening of the canal on the inside of the abdominal wall that connects the testis with the abdominal wall

The deep inguinal ring

45

the boundery of the inguinal canal

the layers of the abdominal wall

46

The layers of the abdominal wall in the inguenal areal

skin, dartos muscle/fascia; ext. spermatic fascia; inguinal ligament; cremaster muscle/fascia; internal spermatic fascia; tunica vaginalis; contents of the spermatic cord

47

what does the sublayer of the skin contribute to in the inguinal region

th dartos

48

what does the ext. oblique muscle/ aponeurosis become in the inguinal region?

the Ext. spermatic fascia

49

the inferior of the exterior oblique apenerousious that attaches to the anterior/superior iliac spine and goes down to the pubic bone.

The inguinal ligament

50

what does the int. oblique muscle become in the inguinal region?

the cremaster muscle fascia

51

what does the cremaster muscle do?

control the distance from the body for the testis to control the temp to keep it neer 34 degree C

52

what does the trans. abd. aponeurosis become in the ingunal?

nothing

53

what does the transversalis fascia become in the inguinal region?

internal spermatic fascia

54

what does the perietal peritonium become in the inguinal region

the tunica vaginalis

55

when would the periatla peritoneium and the tunica vaginalis be connected?

in a hernia, otherwise never connected!

56

what does the extraperitoneal fascia correspond to in the inguinal region

the contents of spermatic cord

57

what are the contents of the spermatic cord

the ductus deferens;

58

why is the ductus deferens have very smooth thick smooth muslce?

to move sperm at a fast rate

59

provides blood supply to the testis through the inguinal canal

Testicular artery

60

tranport blood from the testis out the inguinal canal

papiniform plexus of veins

61

provide innervation to the spermatic cord

illioinguinal nerve; and the genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve

62

where does the illioinguinal nerve course

not through the deep inguinal ring but does go through the inguinal canal and out the superficial inguinal canal.

63

describe the dermitome inervation in the abdomen

IC nerve gives rise to the

64

where does the IC nerve course in the abdominal region

between the internal oblique and the transverse abdominus muscles.

65

what is the nerve called that couses in the abdominal segmentally between the internal oblique and the transverse abdominus muscles

ventral ramus

66

the branch of the ventral ramus that inervatest the lateral section of the skin of the abdomen

lateral cutaneous nerve

67

the branch of the ventral ramus in the front

anterior cutaneous branch

68

the majortiy of the hyposdermis layer that makes up the "beer belly"

the camper's fascia

69

the deep for fibrous layer of hyperdermous that can be stitched

the scarpa's fascia

70

the layer that covers the outside layer of the somatic muscle plane deep the hyperdermous

the external muscle fascia

71

Layers 1 and 2 of the abdominal wall

External oblique deep layer and superficial layer

72

the white line down the middle of the abdomon

the linea alba

73

the white connective tissue from the external oblique muscle to the linea alba

external oblique aponeurosis

74

layer three of the muscles in the abdominal wall

internal oblique muscle and internal oblique aponeurosis

75

what is layer four of the abdominal wall muscles?

the trans abdominis muscle.

76

the "six pack" muscles

the erectus abdominus muscle

77

the function of the abdominal wall muscles

lateral flexion, rotation, compress abdominal contents

78

the ventral strap muscles of the abdominal

the rectus abdominis muscle

79

the erectus abdominus muscle purpose:

flexion of the vetebral colomn

80

the white connective tissue down the middle of the abdominal wall

the rectus sheath

81

where does the apenerousus of the EO, the IO, TA course when above the arcuate line?

the EO is above, the IO splits to an anterior lamina and postier lamina above and below, and the TA below the erectus abdominus

82

the transition where the apenerouses course only in front of the erectus abdominus muscles

arcuate line

83

the internal muscle fascia just deep to the anterior abdominal wall muscles

Transversalis fascia

84

the Extra coelomic tissue layer of the anterior abdominal wall

the preperitoneal fascia

85

anchors the parietal paratanium to the body wall

the preperitoneal fascia

86

elevation in the pariatal paratanium for inferior epigastric arrtery and vien

Lateral umbilical folds

87

the vessels that course just outside the midline of the anterior abdominal wall.

Inferior epigastric vessels.

88

course up to the umbilicus, and is the obliterated umbelical arteries

Medial umbilical folds

89

from the bladder to the umbilicus right down the midline.

the median umbilical fold and the urachus

90

what carried urine from the fetal bladder to the umbilical cord?

the urachus

91

comes from the umbilicus goes between teh lobes of the liver, houses the round ligament of the liver

The falciform ligament

92

the fetal ruminant of the umbilical vein from mummy to the baby.

the round ligament of the liver.

93

the name of the hip bones

Os Coxa

94

the connection below the obturator foramen that connects the ischial tuberosity and the inferior pubic ramus

ischiopubic (conjoined ramus)

95

the hole at the bottom of the os coxa or coxal

obturator foramen

96

the large "wing at the top of the os coxa

ilium

97

the rounded superior edge of the os Coxa

illiac crest and fossa

98

The elongated 'c' shaped notch on the posterior of the oscoxa just below the ilium

greater sciatic notch

99

the notch that is at the anterior most point of the iliac crest

ant sup iliac spine (ASIS)

100

the smaller notch that is at the anterior bottom of the illium

ant inf iliac spine (AIIS)

101

the lower and back portion of the os coxal, below the ilium, the long thin protubrence at the bottom that includes the sitting bones

Ischium

102

thin connection between the ischial bone and the inferior pubic ramus

Ischial ramus

103

the sitting bone!

Ischial tuberosity

104

the notch on the medial side of the superor section of the ischium, below the greater sciatic notch

lesser sciatic notch

105

the bone that is anterior side of the os coxa, below the ilium

Pubis

106

The bony protuberance from the anterior most point of the pubic bone.

Pubic Tubercle

107

the three fused bones of the os coxa

Ilium; ischium; pubis

108

the top of the pubic bone near the pubic tubercle

Pubic crest

109

The upper body of the pubic

Superior pubic ramus

110

the connection between the two pubic bones

pubic symphysis

111

the lower body of the pubic bone that connects to the ishiam

inferior pubic ramus

112

the fused body of 5 vetebra that connects to the illium of the os coxa on either side.

sacrum

113

the top of the S1 bone that juts out a little towards the anterior.

promontory

114

The two lateral projections of the sacrum that seem like the fused transverse process of the vertebra.

ala

115

the canal down the S1-S5 vetebra where the vebebral colomn goes

sacral canal

116

the last few bones of the spinal colomn

coccyx

117

small triangle muscle at the base of the rectus abdominis muscles

pyramidalis muscle

118

the aponeuroses of the transversus abdominis, external and internal oblique.

rectus sheath

119

the upper section of the muscle on the outside of the side of the abdominal wall

supracostal layer. external oblique

120

the fascia that lines the internal muscle of the abdominal wall

internal investing fascia

121

the fascia that is just superficial to the extraperitoneal fat

transversalis fascia

122

a generic term for any fascia that lies internal to the parietal fascia and external to the visceral fascia

extraserosal fascia

123

the layer of fatty connective tissue just below the transversalis fascia and above the parietal peritoneum

extraperitoneal fat

124

aanother name for the parietal peritoneum

serosal sac

125

a fold of the peritoneum that attaches the stomach, small intestines, pancreas, spleen and other organs to the posterior wall of the abdomen

mesentery

126

the inner layer of peritoneum

visceral peritoneum

127

the connective tissue from the anterior surface of the duodenum and the pancreas to the Greater omentum, divides the peritoneal cavity.

transverse mesocolon

128

The apron -like fold of peritoneum suspended form the greater crvature of the stomach and covering the anterior of the transverse colon

greater omentum

129

a double layered peritoneal structure connecting the lesser curvature of the stomach and the proximal part of the duodenum to the liver (like the upper part of the greater omentum.

lesser omentum

130

The cranial section of the lesser omentum, extending between the liver and the stomach

hepatogastric ligament

131

what does the hepatoduodenal ligament contain

the common bile duct, the portal vein and the proper hepatic artery.

132

part of the lesser omentum, connection between the stomach and the liver, contains the common bile duct, the portal vein and the proper hepatic artery

hepatoduodenal ligament

133

how is the peritoneal cavity divided

into the large greater sac and the small omental bursa (lesser sac)

134

The portion of the peritoneal cavity covered by the greater omentum, containing many of the organs of the peritoneal cavity

greater sac

135

The communication between the greater sac and the lesser sac

epiploic foramen

136

The small omental bursa behind the lesser omentum

lesser sac

137

the first section of the small intestine

duodenum

138

produces bile, rea cycle, protein and clotting factor production etc.

liver

139

stores the fat emulsifier

gall bladder

140

exocrine secretion of digestion, endocrine funtion to regulate glucose.

pancreas

141

contribute blood cells, and development of immune cells

spleen

142

The second section of the small intestine

jejunum

143

The last section of the small intestines before the large intestines

ilium

144

The first part of the large intestine and the location of the appendix

cecum

145

the small extension off of the cecum

appendix

146

the second division of the colon, as it rises

ascending colon

147

the third section of the colon

transverse colon

148

the forth section of the colon as it goes down

descending colon

149

the section of the colon between the descending colon and the rectum

sigmoid colon

150

the final section of the colon

rectum

151

What is a direct hernia

bowel herniates medial to the inferior epigastric artery

152

what ia an indirect hernia

bowel herniates lateral to the inferior epigastric artery through the deep inguinal ring into the inguinal canal; spermatic cord

153

what are langer's lines?

cleavage lines, correspond to natural orientation of collagen fibers in dermis.

154

why would we cut as a surgeon along langer's lines

the cut will heal better, when it follows langers lines in the connective tissue.

155

where do the nerves course in the abdominal wall muscles

between the IO and TA.

156

what is a apeneuroses

sheet of tendon tissue holding muscles

157

Where do the capillaries of the body wall muscles lie.

between the IO and the TA

158

the reflex that is caused by softly touching the ipsilaterial inner thigh

cremasteric reflex.