Flashcards in 9 Atmosphere Deck (34)
What is the approximate proportion of nitrogen in Earth's current atmopshere?
What is the approximate proportion of oxygen in Earth's current atmopshere?
There are small proportions of water vapour, noble gases and which other gas in Earth's current atmosphere?
When Earth was formed it's atmosphere was similar to which planets?
Venus and Mars
Earth's early atmosphere was similar to Venus and Mars, what do their atmosphere's consist of?
Carbon dioxide with little or no oxygen
What produced the gases present in Earth's early atmosphere?
Which gases were present in Earth's early atmosphere?
Carbon dioxide water vapour and nitrogen with small amounts of methane and ammonia
Why have theories about Earth's early atmosphere developed and changed over time?
Evidence is limited
By what process do algae and plants produce oxygen?
Write the word equation to represent photosynthesis
carbon dioxide + water gives oxygen + glucose
How did the world's oceans form?
The Earth's temperature cooled, causing water vapour in the air to condense
How did the oceans reduce atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide in Earth's early atmosphere?
Carbon dioxide dissolved in the oceans
How did algae and plants reduce levels of carbon dioxide in Earth's early atmosphere?
What was formed when shells of organisms made using dissolved carbon dioxide, fell to the bottom of the ocean and were covered and compressed
What was formed when plants that grew millions of years ago, died and were trapped and compressed under rocks
What was formed when plankton that lived in the ocean millions of years ago, died and were trapped and compressed under rocks
Crude Oil and Natural Gas
Name three greenhouse gases
Water Vapour, Carbon Dioxide and Methane
Describe the wavelength of radiation that comes from the sun
Describe the wavelength of radiation that is reflected back off the Earth
What happens to the long wave radiation that is reflected from the Earth in the atmosphere?
It is absorbed by the greenhouse gases
What is the name given to the process that warms of the surface of the Earth
The greenhouse effect
What human activities increase carbon dioxide levels?
Deforestation and burning fossil fuels
What human activities increase methane levels?
Farming animals and landfill
What is the name given to the increasing average temperature of the Earth?
Name an effect of climate change
Increased flooding, changes in rainfall patterns, frequency of storms, amount of water in a habitat etc...
What is the name given to the total amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases emitted over the full lifecycle of a product, service or event
What is produced from the complete combustion of a hydrocarbon fuel?
carbon dioxide and water
Which products could be produced from the imcomplete combustion of a hydrocarbon fuel
carbon dioxide, water, carbon monoxide, carbon particulates
Which gas is produced when fuels are burned and contain the impurity sulfur?