9: Cognitive Bias Modification Flashcards Preview

PS4074: Emotional Disorders > 9: Cognitive Bias Modification > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9: Cognitive Bias Modification Deck (13)
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1

What gap in research does CBM fill?

Establishing causality that cannot be observed with cross-sectional or before and after stressful event designs.

2

Broadly, how does CBM work?

Participants repeatedly experience an experimentally established contingency during performance of a simple task designed to encourage acquisition of a positive change in selective processing bias.

3

What are the two key steps to CBM.

Target a clinical bias associated with dysfunction and manipulate it through repeated practice on a task.

4

What does a new bias induced in selective interpretation do?

Generalise to new ambiguous scenarios over the next few days.

5

What does a reduced negative bias induced in selective interpretation do?

Reduce state anxiety reactions to a subsequent stressor.

6

Give 6 potential benefits of CBM.

Therapeutic, no therapist needed, deeper understanding of link between biases and emotional reactivity, prevention in vulnerable populations, cost-effectiveness and diversity of techniques.

7

Give 7 factors to consider when evaluating CBM.

Scope of biases studied, empirical evidence for effectiveness, population studied, time course in length of evaluation, time course of treatment, cost and adherence.

8

What are three potential benefits of positive mental imagery training for depressed people?

Reduce anhedonia, think about future more positively and may engage in more positive behaviour.

9

What attention bias characterises PTSD?

Difficulties in disengaging attention from trauma-related word stimuli.

10

What interpretation bias characterises PTSD?

Dysfunctional trauma-related appraisals.

11

What memory bias characterises PTSD?

Overgeneral memory is a predictor and risk factor for developing PTSD after trauma.

12

Can CBM help in PTSD?

IBM specifically: Training to see the bigger picture and carry out functional appraisals on trauma and its consequences can reduce intrusion frequency and distress.

13

What 5 areas does future CBM research need to look at?

Clinical participants, mechanisms, prevention vs. treatment, type of trauma and pre-post assessments.