Flashcards in A Christmas Carol Form and Structure Deck (7)
The novella is narrated by a didactic third-person narrator, who manipulates our impression of Scrooge with scathing (negative) descriptions of him.
We sometimes hear Dickens' voice when he adds a touch of comedy: this authorial intrusion is designed to win over the reader, making them more agreeable to Dickens' message.
The novella is a parable: a moral story with a strong message; it is a simple didactic tale.
It is arranged in five staves (not chapters) as a metaphor for an actual Christmas carol. It contains musical imagery throughout (e.g. church bells).
Many of the characters are allegorical figures: characters who stand for ideas (e.g. Fred stands for tolerance and forgiveness).
Gothic imagery creates feelings of suspense, fear and tension.