a divided union: civil rights in the usa, 1945-74 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in a divided union: civil rights in the usa, 1945-74 Deck (366)
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1

when was the consitution of the usa produced

1791

2

consitution definition

a set of basic laws and principles that a country or organization is governed by

3

congress definition

the group of people chosen or elected to make laws in the USA

4

federation definition

a group of people, states etc

5

where is rhe US federal gov based

washington dc

6

what is the legislative constitution

it makes laws

7

what does the legislative consist of

congress
senate
house of representatives

8

what is the executive constitution

carries out laws

9

what does the executive constitution consist of

president
vice president
cabinet
departments

10

what is the judicial consitutuion

evaluates laws

11

what does the judicial constitution consist of

supreme court
other federal courts

12

impeach definition

prosecute a person in government for misconduct while in office

13

amendments (political) definition

changes to a bill or constitution

14

ratified definition

given formal approval

15

how many amendments have there been to the US constitution

27

16

capitalist definition

someone who supports capitalism, an economic and political system in which businesses belong mostly to private owners

17

communist definition

someone who supports communism, a political system in which the government controls the production of food and goods and there is no privately owned property

18

when was the first red scare in the usa

1919-20

19

what was feared in the first red scare in the usa

that immigrants from eastern europe would try to take over their government and make the usa communist too.

20

what happened in the first red scare in the usa

thousands of suspected communists were arrested and some russian immigrants were sent back to russia.

21

did fear of communism reduce after 1920

yes but not completely.

22

what was the soviets 'buffer zone'

soviet troops remaining in the liberated countries (after WW2) and set up communist governments, to try and prevent another invasion from the west.

23

what did the west take from the soviets 'buffer zone'

it looked like the soviet union was trying to take over europe

24

when did the usa successfully test an atomic bomb

july 1945

25

what was the cause in the sudden development of atomic bomb research by stalin in russia

the two atomic bombs dropped on japan by the usa

26

when did greek communists try to take over their government

1946

27

what did the us government do in response to the attempted greek communist takeover of their government

sent money to the greek government to remove the communists. the soviet union voiced encouragement to the communists.

28

in 1947 and 1948 which eastern european countries became communist

ones under soviet influence

29

what was the truman doctrine

a doctrine promising to help to support any country resisting takeover by other groups or countries (by which they meant communists).

30

what was the marshall plan

financial help in the belief that communist ideas were more likely to hold in areas of poverty.