russia and the soviet union 1905-24 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in russia and the soviet union 1905-24 Deck (368)
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1

who were the Romanov's

the family that had ruled russia for 300 years by 1905

2

who was tsar in 1905

tsar nicholas II

3

was nicholas II suited to being tsar

no, he was devoted to his family, but weak, indecisive and no attention to detail with no strong ideas of his own

4

what is an autocrat

a ruler who has absolute power over a country

5

what is the divine right of kings

the idea that the tsar had a divine right to rule russia, their position and power had been given to them by God and should only be passed through the family

6

why did russian people not criticise the tsar in 1905

they did not want to be arrested for opposition to the tsar, or to be thought of as not loyal

7

why were peasants discontent in 1905

they wanted more land, they were overtaxed and in desperate poverty.

8

why were industrial workers discontent in 1905

terrible working and living conditions, low pay, unemployment

9

why were radicals discontent in 1905

they wanted the peasants or workers to take power for themselves

10

why were other nationalities discontent in 1905

parts of the empire wanted to be independent and free from russian oppression

11

why were the middle classes discontent in 1905

they wanted a say in how russia was governed

12

why were the police state discontent in 1905

no one could feel free because the police were always watching

13

how much of the russian population were peasants

around 85%

14

when did russia start industrialising

1890's

15

what were working and living conditions in the early 1910's like

dangerous
long hours
low pay
strict discipline
housing shortages led to very poor living conditions for workers with widespread disease

16

what was most of russia's middle class political beliefs

liberals

17

what did the middle class want to replace the tsarist regime with in 1905

a constitution that guaranteed rights to everyone, under a fair legal system

18

a census in 1897 recorded how many people in the russian empuire and how many of them were russian?

it recorded 125 million people,
44% russian

19

what was russification

the pressure to speak russian and adopt russian culture

20

when was the tsars grandfather (Alexander II) assassinated

1881

21

what does SR stand for

socialist revolutionaries

22

liberal definition

a person who believes in freedom from too much control by the state. freedom of speech and the right to vote are important to liberal values

23

radicals definition (adj)

having ideas that are very new and different, and against what most people think or believe

24

constitution definition

a written document that sets out how a country is governed

25

socialist definition

a person who thinks the state should own important industries and share the wealth created by these industries among everyone

26

what is the RSDP

russian social democratic party

27

when was the RSDP formed

1898

28

what did the RSDP follow

the ideas of Karl Marx

29

who was Karl Marx

a german revolutionary socialist

30

what were the two groups comprising the RSDP

the mensheviks and the bolsheviks