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Gross III Exam 2 > Abdomen > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abdomen Deck (14)
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0

What are the boundaries of the abdomen

superiorly: diaphragm
Inferiorly: plane of pelvic inlet
anteriorly: anterior abdominal wall
posteriorly: posterior abdominal wall

1

How far superiorly does the abdomen extend

4th intercostal space
--protects some abdominal viscera

2

What is the abdominopelvic cavity

area between the thoracic diaphragm and pelvic diaphragm
-continuous with pelvic cavity

3

What lines the abdominopelvic cavity

peritoneum
-also covers the viscera

4

Where is the peritoneal cavity

between peritoneal layers in abdominal cavity

5

What are the planes that create the regions of the abdomen

-Subcostal plane-horizontal line inferior to 10th costal cartilage
-Transtubercular plane- horizontal line through iliac tubercles and L5 vertebrae
-Midclavicular plane- vertical line through the midpoint of both clavicles and midlinguinal points

6

What are the 9 regions of the abdomen

epigastric region
R/L hypochondriac regions
Umbilical region
R/L lateral regions
Pubic region
R/L inguinal regions

7

What is the transumbilical plane

horizontal plane umbilicus and IVD L3-4

8

What is the Median Plane of the abdomen

vertical line through midpoint of body

9

What doe the transumbilical and median planes form

right and left upper quadrant
right and left lower quadrant

10

What are the contents of the RUQ

right lobe of liver
gallbladder
stomach (pylorus)
duodenum
head of pancreas
right suprarenal gland
right kidney
ascending colon( superior half)
transverse colon (right half)

11

What are the contents of the LUQ

left lobe of the liver
spleen
stomach
jujunum and proximal ileum
body and tail of pancreas
left suprarenal gland
left kidney
left colic flexure
Transverse colon (left half)
descending colon (superior part)

12

What are the RLQ contents

cecum
appendix
ascending colon (inferior part)
ileum (most of it)
right ovary
right uterine tube
right ureter
right spermatic cord
uterus (if enlarged)
urinary bladder (if very full)
right

13

What are the contents of the LLQ

descending colon (inferior part)
sigmoid colon
left ovary
left uterine tube
left ureter
left spermatic cord
uterus (if enlarged)
urinary bladder (if very full)