Abdominal Findings Flashcards Preview

Chiro Essentials- Boards 2 and 3 > Abdominal Findings > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abdominal Findings Deck (49)
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1

Abdominal bruit left of the midline epigastrium

Unilateral renal artery stenosis

2

Absent bowel sounds (paralytic ileus)

Generalized peritonitis

3

Acetone breath

Diabetic ketoacidosis

4

Argyll Robertson pupil

Tertiary syphilis

5

Ascites (fluid in the abdomen-shifting dullness)

Cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, cancer

6

Beef red smooth tongue

Vitamin B12 deficiency

7

Bilateral kidney enlargement

Polycystic disease of the kidneys

8

Bluish discoloration in flanks (Grey Turner sign)

Pancreatitis or ectopic pregnancy

9

Bluish discoloration in umbilicus (Cullen sign)

Pancreatitis or ectopic pregnancy

10

Blumberg's sign (rebound tenderness)

Generalized peritonitis

11

Caput medusa (dilated veins radiating from navel)

Portal hypertension as in cirrhosis

12

Cessation of inspiration on RUQ pressure (murphy sign)

Cholecystitis

13

CVA tender on percussion (murphy's punch)

Pyelonephritis

14

Dull percussion not in Traube's space

Splenomegaly

15

Epigastric tenderness

PUD, gastritis, pancreatitis

16

Friction rub

Trauma, infection or cancer

17

Hepatojugular reflex (increase JVP with RUQ pressure)

CHF

18

Hyperactive bowel sounds with borborygmi

intestinal obstruction

19

Hyper-resonant percussion note

Intestinal obstruction

20

Irregular hard prostate

Prostate cancer

21

Kehr's sign (left shoulder pain in the acute abdomen)

Ruptured ectopic pregnancy or spleen

22

Left iliac fossa tenderness

Diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis

23

Liver edge below right costal margin

Hepatomegaly

24

Magenta tongue

Riboflavin deficiency

25

McBurney's sign (tenderness over McBurney's point)

Appendicitis

26

Murphy's punch (CVA tenderness or percussion)

Pyelonephritis

27

Murphy's sign (RUQ pain on deep inspiration)

Cholecystitis

28

Non-tender hepatomegaly

Cirrhosis, hepatic metastases

29

Obturator internus test (RIF pain on hip internal rotation)

Appendicitis

30

Painful boggy prostate

Prostatitis