Abdominal Organ Fxns Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Muscle Tables > Abdominal Organ Fxns > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abdominal Organ Fxns Deck (17):
1

Thyriod Gland

Endocrine fxn: produce hormones - regulate growth & metabolic rate, including Ca+ homeostasis

2

Heart

Creates pressure gradient to
1) Transport blood
2) Push plasma into ECF
3) Get nutrients, O2 & hormones into cells
Secondary: Diffusion out of capillaries
Tertiary: Cellular uptake

3

Lungs

1) Uptake O2
2) Secrete CO2

4

Liver

1) Makes bile from old erythrocytes (RBC) - bile is waste product; emulsifies lipids to increase surface area for chemical digestion
2) Filters & detoxifies blood
3) Stores glucose and glycogen & regulates blood glucose levels
4) Makes cholesterol & triglycerides
5) Builds enzymes & clotting factors

5

Gall Bladder

Stores & excretes liver bile into duodenum

6

Spleen

1) Barracks for several platoons of leukocytes (WBC's)
2) WBC's clean blood and remove worn out RBC

7

Adrenal (or suprarenal) gland

Endocrine fxn: secretes hormones for stress reactions and metabolic rate

8

Kidney (2)

1) Primary fx: regulate osmotic (salt/water) balance
2) Excretes nitrogenous wastes and other soluble wastes

9

Ureter

Transport urine from kidney to bladder

10

Bladder

Stores & excretes urine

11

Urethra

Eliminate urine from bladder to outside of body

12

Stomach (3)

1) Stores food
2) Mechanically digests food
3) Denatures proteins with HCl acid & initiates protein chemical digestion with pepsin

13

Small Intestine

Parts: duodenum, jejunum, ileum

Fxn: completes chemical digestion of food & absorbs it

14

Large Intestine

Parts: cecum, asc colon, trans colon, dec colon, sigmoid colon, rectal colon

Fxn:
1) Prepare & eliminates solid wastes
2) Resorbs water & salt

15

Veriform Appendix

House lymphoid tissue to combat invaders
(Usually founds off cecum

16

McBurney's Point

Check for appendicitis

1/3 distance from right ASIS to umbilicus

17

Pancrease

Endocrine fx: produce glucagon & insulin hormones to regulate blood sugar levels

Exocrine fx: produce bicarbonate & digestive enzymes for food squirted into duodenum from stomach