Femoral and Gluteal Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Femoral and Gluteal Deck (26)
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1

Iliopsoas

O: T12 - L5 Vertebrae and iliac rim
I: Lesser trochanter of femur
Ax: Flex hip; flex and laterally flex vertebral spine
N: Femoral N
A: Femoral and deep femoral Aa
**Prime mover for hip flexion

2

Vastus Lateralis

O: Greater trochanter, linea aspera and lateral diaphysis of femur
I: Tibial tuberosity via the patella tendon
Ax: Extend knee
N: Femoral N
A: Femoral and deep femoral Aa
**Prime mover for knee extension

3

Vastus Medialis

O: Linea aspera and medial diaphysis of femur
I: Tibial tuberosity via the patellar tendon
Ax: Extend knee
N: Femoral N
A: Femoral and deep femoral Aa
**Prime mover for knee extension

4

Vastus Intermedius

O: Anterior and lateral femoral shaft
I: tibial tuberosity via the patellar tendon
Ax: Extend knee
N: Femoral N
A: Femoral and deep femoral Aa
**Prime mover for knee extension

5

Rectus Femoris

O: AIIS
I: Tibial tuberosity via the patellar tendon
Ax: Flex hip and extend knee
N: Femoral N
A: Femoral and deep femoral Aa
**Prime mover for knee extension

6

Articularis Genu

O: Anterior inferior femoral diaphysis
I: Synovial sac of knee joint
Ax: Elevates suprapatellar bursa/synovial sac during knee extension
N: Femoral N
A: Femoral and deep femoral Aa

7

Sartorius

O: ASIS
I: Superior anteromedial tibia
Ax: Flex, externally rotate, ABduct hip; flex knee
N: Femoral N
A: Femoral and deep femoral Aa

8

Pectineus

O: Pectineal line of superior pubic ramus
I: Pectineal line of femur
Ax: Flex, adduct and internally rotate hip
N: Femoral N
A: Femoral and deep femoral Aa

9

Adductor Brevis

O: Inferior pubic body AND inferior pubic ramus
I: inferior pectineal line and superior linea aspera of femur
Ax: Flex, internally rotate, adduct hip
N: Obturator N
A: Femoral and deep femoral Aa

10

Adductor Longus

O: Anterior pubic body
I: Central linea aspera of femur
Ax: Flex, adduct and internally rotate hip
N: Obturator N
A: Femoral and deep femoral Aa

11

Adductor Magnus

O: Inferior pubic ramus TO ischial tuberosity
I: Linea aspera, medial supracondylar ridge and adductor tubercle of femur
Ax: Flex, Extend and adduct hip
N: Sciatic and obturator N
A: Femoral and deep femoral Aa

12

Gracilis

O: Inferior pubic body AND inferior pubic ramus
I: Superior anteromedial tibia
Ax: Adduct and internally rotate hip; Flex and internally rotate knee
N: Obturator N
A: Femoral and deep femoral Aa

13

Piriformis

O: Anterior Sacrum and sacrotuberous ligament
I: Superior Greater trochanter of femur
Ax: Externally rotate and ABduct hip
N: Nerve to piriformis
A: Superior and inferior gluteal Aa

14

Gemellus Superior

O: Ischial spine
I: posterior medial greater trochanter of femur with obturator internus
Ax: Externally rotates and ABduct hip
N: Nerve to obterator internus
A: Superior and inferior gluteal Aa

15

Obturator Internus

O: Internal rim of the obturator foramen
I: Posterior medial greater trochanter
Ax: Externally rotate hip and ABduct hip
N: Nerve to obturator internus
A: Superior and inferior gluteal Aa

16

Gemellus Inferior

O: Superior ischial tuberosity
I: Posterior medial greater trochanter with obturator internus
Ax: Externally rotates and ABducts hip
N: Nerve to obturator internus
A: Superior and inferior gluteal Aa

17

Obturator Externus

O: External rim of the obturator foramen
I: Tertrochanteric fossa of femur
Ax: Externally rotate and adduct hip
N: Obturator N
A: Superior and Inferior gluteal Aa

18

Quadratus Femoris

O: Lateral ischial tuberosity
I: Quadrate tubercle of intertrochanteric crest femur
Ax: Externally rotate and adduct hip
N: Nerve to quadratus femoris
A: Superior and inferior gluteal Aa

19

Tensor Fasciae Latae

O: Posterior lateral iliac crest
I: Gerdy's tubercle via the IT band
Ax: Flex, internally rotate and ABduct hip; Extend knee via IT band
N: Superior gluteal N
A: Superior gluteal A

20

Gluteus Minimus

O: Inferior ala of posterior ilium
I: Anterior greater trochanter of femur
Ax: Flex, ABduct and internally rotate hip
N: Superior gluteal N
A: Superior gluteal A

21

Gluteus Medius

O: Superior ala of posterior ilium
I: Anterior and lateral greater trochanter
Ax: Flex, ABduct and internally rotates hip
N: Superior gluteal N
A: Superior gluteal A

22

Gluteus Maximus

O: Medial posterior ilium, sacrum, coccyx and sacrotuberous ligament
I: Gluteal tuberosity of femur and Gerdy's tubercle via the IT band
Ax: Adduct, extend and externally rotate hip; Abduct hip and Extend knee via the IT band
N: Inferior gluteal N
A: Inferior gluteal A

23

Semimembranosus

O: Ischial tuberosity
I: Posterior medial tibial condyle
Ax: Extend hip; flex and internally rotate knee
N: Sciatic N
A: Deep Femoral A
**Prime mover for knee flexion

24

Semitendinosus

O: Ischial tuberosity
I: Superior anteromedial tibia
Ax: Extend hip; flex and internally rotate knee
N: Sciatic N
A: Deep femoral A
**Prime mover for knee flexion

25

Biceps Femoris Long Head

O: Ischial tuberosity
I: Fibular Head
Ax: Extend hip; flex and externally rotate knee
N: Sciatic N
A: Deep femoral A
**Prime mover for knee flexion
**Prime mover for hip extension

26

Biceps Femoris Short Head

O: Linea aspera and lateral supracondylar line of femur
I: fibular head
Ax: Flex and externally rotate knee
N: Sciatic N
A: Deep femoral A
**Prime mover for knee flexion