Aboriginal Languages Flashcards Preview

LING 102 > Aboriginal Languages > Flashcards

Flashcards in Aboriginal Languages Deck (29):
1

Where is Algonquian present?

It spans the entire country, east to west.

2

Where is Athabascan present?

Mostly in western Canada, in northern BC, AB and SK.

3

Where is Eskimo-Aleut present?

In northern Canada, Greenland and Alaska.

4

Where is Siouan-Catawban present?

Mostly in the U.S. and southwestern Canada (BC, AB and SK).

5

Where is Salish present?

In southwestern BC, the Okanagan area.

6

Where is Tsimishian present?

In northwestern BC.

7

Where is Iroquoian present?

In Quebec and southern Ontario.

8

Where is Wakashan present?

On Vancouver Island, southwest of the BC mainland.

9

Where is Haida present?

In Haida-Gwaii, west of the BC mainland.

10

Where is Kootenay present?

On the BC-side of the Rocky Mountains.

11

Where is Tlingit present?

In northwestern Canada, mostly in the Yukon.

12

What is the most prevalent Algonquian language & how many speakers does it have?

Cree: 80 000
Other languages: Ojibwe, Mi'kmaq, Blackfoot, Malecite, etc.

13

What is another name for Eskimo-Aleut & how many speakers does it have?

Inuktitut: 25 000

14

What is the most prevalent Athabascan language & how many speakers does it have?

Dene: 15 000

15

What are the three branches of Siouan-Catawban? How many speakers does the most prevalent branch in Canada have?

1. Stoney (Nakoda): 1 500
2. Sioux (Dakota & Lakota)
3. Assiniboine (Nakota)

16

What is an example of the most prevalent Salish language? How many languages does Salish have & how many speakers in total?

Okanagan.
10 languages: 2 000 speakers

17

How many languages does Tsimshian have & how many speakers in total?

2 languages: 2 000 speakers

18

What is the most prevalent Iroquoian language & how many speakers does Iroquoian language have in total?

Mohawk.
4 000 speakers.

19

How many languages dos Wakashan have & how many speakers in total?

5 languages: 900 speakers.

20

How many speakers does Haida have?

~40

21

How many speakers does Kootenay have?

~12

22

How many speakers does Michif have?

1 000

23

In Michif, all ____ phrases are French and all ____ phrases are Cree.

noun, verb

24

How many speakers does Eyak have?

None -- it is extinct.

25

What Algonquian language is spoken in the U.S.?

Ojibwe

26

What are the two forms of third-person singular?

Proximate and Obviate

27

What are the two forms of first-person plural?

Inclusive and Exclusive

28

What are the 3 political groupings in Aboriginal Canada?

First Nations, Inuit and Metis.

29

How many Aboriginal language families are there?

11 (one is extinct).