Abrv - Common Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abrv - Common Deck (181):
1

ABG

Arterial blood gas

2

ACE

Angiotensin converting enzyme

3

Ach

Acetylcholine

4

AChE

Acetylcholinesterase

5

ADCC

Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity

6

AFP

Alpha fetoprotein

7

AIDS

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

8

AP

Anteriorposterior

9

BMD

Bone mineral density
or
Bone mass density

10

BPH

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (hypertrophy)

11

CEA

Carcinoembryonic antigen

12

CHD

Congenital heart disease

13

CHF

Congestive heart failure

14

CML

Chronic myelogenous (granulocytic) leukemia

15

CMV

Cytomegalovirus

16

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

17

Cox-1(2)

Cyclooxygenase-1(2)

18

CPR

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

19

CRP

C-reactive protein

20

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid, Colony stimulating factor

21

CT

Computerized tomography

22

CTL

Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte

23

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident

24

CVA

Costovertebral angle

25

D and C

Dilatation and curettage

26

DCIS

Ductal carcinoma in situ

27

DES

Diethylstibesltrol

28

DHEA

Dehydroepiandrosterone

29

DHT

Dihydrotestosterone

30

DTP

Diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine

31

DVT

Deep vein thrombosis

32

Dx

Diagnosis

33

EBM

Evidence Based Medicine

34

EBV

Epstein-Barr Virus

35

ECG

Electrocardiogram

36

EEG

Electroencephalogram

37

EGF

Epidermal growth factor

38

EM

Electron microscope

39

EMG

Electromyogram

40

EMT

Emergency medical technician

41

ENT

Ear, nose and throat

42

ESR

Erythrocytic sedimentation rate

43

ESRD

End-stage renal disease

44

FAP

Familial adenomatous polyposis

45

FAS

Fetal alcohol syndrome

46

FCC

Familial colorectal cancer

47

FTA-ABS

Fluorescent treponemal antibody absorbed

48

FFT

Failure to thrive

49

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

50

GFAP

Glial fibrillary acidic protein

51

GOO

Gastric outlet obstruction

52

GVHD

Graft-versus-host disease

53

H & P

History and Physical

54

Hb

Hemoglobin

55

HBV

Hepatitis B virus

56

hCG

Human chorionic gonadotropin

57

Hct

Hematocrit

58

HCV

Hepatitis C virus

59

HCV

Hepatitis C (PCR polymerase chain reaction)

60

HDL

High density lipoprotein

61

HDV

Hepatitis D virus

62

HHV

Human herpesvirus

63

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

64

HLA

Human Leukocyte Antigens

65

HNPCC

Hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer

66

HPV

Human papillomavirus

67

HRP

Hormone replacement therapy

68

HTLV

Human T-lymphotropic virus

69

IBD

Inflammatory bowel disease

70

IBS(D)

Irritable bowel syndrome (disease)

71

ICD

Implantable cardiac defibrillator

72

ICSI

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection

73

ICU

Intensive Care Unit

74

ID

Intradermal

75

IFA

Indirect immunofluorescence assay

76

Ig

Immunoglobulin

77

IGT

Impaired glucose tolerance

78

IL

Interleukin

79

IM

Intramuscular

80

IOP

Intraocular pressure

81

ITC

In the Canal (hearing device)

82

ITE

In the Ear (hearing device)

83

ITP

Immune (Idiopathic) thrombocytopenia purpura

84

IU

International Unit

85

IUD

Intrauterine contraceptive device

86

IUGR

Intrauterine growth restriction (retardation)

87

IV

Intravenous

88

IVC

Intravenous Cholangiogram

89

IVF

In vitro fertilization

90

JCML

Juvenile chronic myelogenous (myelomonocytic) leukemia

91

JIP

Juvenile intestinal polyp

92

JPC

Juvenile polyposis coli

93

JPS

Juvenile polyposis syndrome

94

KUB

Kidney, ureter, and bladder

95

LAVH

Laparoscopic-assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy

96

LDH

Lactate dehydrogenase

97

LDL

Low-density lipoprotein

98

LGV

Lymphogranuloma venereum

99

LHRD

Luteinizing Hormone-Releasing Hormone

100

LLL

Left Lower Lobe (lung)

101

LLQ

Left Lower Quadrant (abdomen)

102

LMP

Last menstrual period

103

LP

Lumbar puncture

104

LPA

Left Pulmonary Artery

105

LSCS

Lower segment Cesarian section

106

LUL

Left upper lobe (lung)

107

LVF

Left ventricular failure

108

LVF

Left ventricular function

109

MAB

Monoclonal antibody

110

MAC

Membrane attack complex

111

MAO

Monoamine oxidase

112

MCAT

Monocyte chemotactic and activating factor

113

MCD

Minimal Change Disease

114

MCD

Mean Corpuscular Diameter

115

MCD

Medullary Cystic Disease

116

MCH

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin

117

MCHC

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration

118

MCTD

Mixed Connective Tissue Disease

119

MDR

Minimal Daily Requirement

120

MHC

Major Histocompatibility Complex

121

MI

Myocardial Infarction

122

MIC

Macrophage Inhibitory Cytokine

123

MM

Meningomyelocele

124

MM

Multiple Myeloma

125

MM

Malignant Melanoma

126

MMR

Measle, mumps, rubella vaccine

127

MND

Motor Neuron Disease

128

MPO

Myeloperoxidase

129

MPS

Mucopolysacchariosis

130

MRA

Magnetic Resonance Angiogram

131

MRCP

Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography

132

MRD

Minimal Residual Disease

133

MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

134

MRSA

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

135

MS

Multiple Sclerosis

136

MSUD

Maple Syrup Urine Disease

137

MVP

Mitral Valve Prolapse

138

NICU

Newborn (Neonatal) Intensive Care Unit

139

NICU

Neurologic Intensive Care Unit

140

NP

Nurse Practitioner

141

NSAID

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug

142

NTD

Neural Tube Defect

143

OBS

Organic Brain Syndrome

144

OCD

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

145

OCP

Oral Contraceptive Pill

146

OCPD

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

147

OR

Operating Room

148

PAD

Peripheral Artery Disease

149

PAS

Periodic Acid-Schiff (stain)

150

PAS

Physician-Assisted Suicide

151

PAT

Paroxysmal Atrial Tachycardia

152

PCA

Patient-Controlled Analgesia

153

PCOS

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

154

PCP

Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia

155

QNS

Quantity not sufficient

156

R/O

Rule out

157

RA

Rheumatoid arthritis

158

RDA

Recommended dietary (daily) allowance

159

RDS

Respiratory distress syndrome

160

RF

Rheumatoid factor

161

RLL

Right lower lobe (lung)

162

RLQ

Right lower quadrant (abdomen)

163

RML

Right middle lobe (lung)

164

RSV

Respiratory syncytial virus

165

SARS

Severe acute respiratory syndrome

166

SGA

Small for gestational age

167

SGOT

Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase

168

SGPT

Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase

169

SSPE

Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis

170

STD

Sexually transmitted disease

171

TB

Tuberculosis

172

TGF

Transforming growth factor

173

Th

T-helper cell

174

TMJ

Temporal-mandibular joint

175

TNF

Tumor necrosis factor

176

Tpa

Tissue thromboplastin activator

177

TPN

Total parenteral nutrition

178

TTP

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

179

UA

Urinalysis

180

UTI

Urinary tract infection

181

WNL

Within normal limits