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Flashcards in Terms - Functional Deck (18):
1

PATHOLOGY

the study of the nature and mechanisms of disease.

2

ETIOLOGY

the study of the causes of disease.

3

PATHOGENESIS

the mode of origin or development of a disease

4

PROGNOSIS

the foretelling of the probable course and outcome of a disease.

5

DIAGNOSIS

brief summary of the nature of a disease.

6

CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS

a diagnosis made from a study of the signs and symptoms of a disease.

7

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

the determination of which two or more diseases with similar symptoms is the one from which the patient is suffering.

8

LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS

the diagnosis made by a chemical, microscopic, bacteriologic, or biopsy study of secretions, discharges, blood or tissue.

9

PATHOLOGIC DIAGNOSIS

a diagnosis made from a study of a lesion present based on gross findings, microscopic findings, case history and other aids.

10

PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS

a diagnosis made by means of physical measures such as auscultation, percussion, palpation and inspection.

11

ANATOMICAL PATHOLOGY

the subspecialty of pathology that pertains to the gross and microscopic study of organs and tissues removed for biopsy or during postmortem examination (autopsy) and also the interpretation of the results of the study.

12

CLINICAL PATHOLOGY

the subspecialty of pathology that deals with the theoretical and technical aspects (i.e. methods and procedures) of chemistry, bacteriology, virology, microbiology, parasitology, hematology, and so on, as they pertain to the diagnosis of disease and the care of patients, as well as the prevention of disease and welfare of the community.

13

ORAL PATHOLOGY

the specialty of dentistry concerned with the gross and microscopic nature of diseases of the teeth, jaws and surrounding areas, and tissues lining the oral cavity.

14

GROSS SPECIMEN

any tissue or organ removed from the body by a surgical procedure or at autopsy.

15

HISTOLOGIC SELECTIONS

a portion of tissue that has undergone processes of fixation and staining and which has been cut into micro

16

FROZEN SECTIONS

a portion of tissue that has been frozen and cut into micro

17

SURGICAL SPECIMEN

any tissue or organ removed from the body by a surgical procedure.

18

BIOPSY

the process of removing a small amount of tissue from a living patient by such means as a needle, punch or incisional procedure.