Flashcards in Terms - Common Deck (289):
to lessen or decrease
tensing of the abdominal wall muscles to guard inflamed organs within the abdomen from the pain of pressure upon them. The tensing is detected upon when the abdomen is pressed
a deviation or irregularity - synonymous with deflection, departure, divergence, diversion, or turning.
the movement of a limb away from the midline of the body.
wear or noticing, at the neck of a tooth at or below the gumline.
not associated with living organisms. Anything in the environment incapable of life or incompatible with life or antagonist to it.
a sudden breaking off or away.
a local accumulation of pus anywhere in solid tissue of the body.
an increase in the thickness of the prickle cell layer of the epidermis
the cup-shaped socket of the hip joint designed for the head of the femur.
a lack of hydrochloric acid in the digestive juices of the stomach.
a distinctly abnormal condition resulting from the accumulation of acid or from the depletion of alkaline reserves.
anything that is not present at birth but develops some time later.u
refers to the ultraviolet rays from sunlight of ultraviolet lamps.
sudden (abrupt) onset and rapid clinical course of short duration
a chronic relapsing condition characterized by compulsive drug-seeking and abuse and by long-lasting chemical changes in the brain,
failure to develop the most primitive structure of a definitive organ
the movement of a limb toward the midline of the body
total or near-total absence of gamma globulin
lack of development of something (organ or tissue)
often mimics the action of a naturally occurring substance.
an abnormal and persistent fear of pain
a dangerous decrease in the normal acidity of the blood
the transplant of an organ or tissue from one individual to another of the same species
procedure used in prenatal diagnosis to obtain amniotic fluid for diagnostic tests
lack of definite form
condition/state not requiring oxygen
a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart
deviation from the average or norm
inability to eat
A surgical root canal treatment used to seal the tip of a root when surgical root canal treatment used to seal the tip of a root when conventional root canal treatment has failed or is contraindicated. Usually a very straight forward treatment with quick recovery.
failure to develop or grow past the primordial structure
a mechanically produced alteration
pertaining to arteries
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal or peritoneal cavity
the incomplete expansion of the newly born infant's lung or a collapse of lungs.
ATYPICAL OR ATYPIA
describes findings that do not conform to normalcy or type.
disintegration of tissue or cells by action of their own autogenous enzymes
an abnormal and persistent fear of bacteria
inflammation of the rounded head of the penis
inflammation of glans penis and the prepuce
the field of medicine concerned with weight loss
a non-life threatening condition
having two flaps or cusps as the valve located between the left atrium and left ventricle
having, or relating to, two sides
having to do with the gallbladder, bile ducts or bile
the sum of the computational approaches to analyze, manage, and store biological data
The name given to the process of placing esthetic white fillings. As different from amalgam fillings, these bonded fillings actually adhere to the tooth structure and make the tooth stronger
a slow heart rate, usually defined as less than 60 beats per minute
slowed ability to start and continue movements, and impaired ability to adjust to body's position
the habit of clenching and grinding the teeth using extremes of muscle power.
severe wasting of tissues due to long-standing chronic diseases and malignancies
a dead human body that may be used to study anatomy
the process of depositing calcium in tissue
a stone within the body and calcium salt deposits on the teeth
the scientific term for tartar, which is the accumulation of calcified substance that adheres to the teeth.
an abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, in some cases, to metastasize (spread)
pertaining to the heart
renal stones, gallstones, or calcific deposits on teeth
A painful ulcer that lasts seven to ten days, usually on the looser gum tissue in the softer areas of the mouth. Scientifically known as aphthae.
any malignant lesion
malignant lesion of epithelial origin
molecular decay of teeth or bone
toward the feet or, in embryology, toward the tail
The placement of a fixed crown or bridge with a dental cement to assure retention.
someone who is 100 or more years old. Someone 110 years old and over may be also be referred to as a supercentenarian
any protein that is required for the proper folding or assembly of another protein or protein complex without being a component of the final structure
slang for chemotherapy (drug therapy for cancer)
a person composed of two genetically distinct types of cells
slow and insidious onset and clinical course
a narrowing, stricture or constriction, particularly of a tubular structure
a set of any three adjacent bases in DNA or RNA
in a clinical study, a well-defined group of subjects or patients who have had a common experience or exposure and are then followed up for the incidence of new diseases or events
sexual union of a male and a female; also called sexual intercourse
The material traditionally used for bonded restorations. Made from an admixture of various glass particles in a polymerized gel
present at birth
presence of abnormal amount of blood, passively, in the vessels of a part
conversion of epithelium to keratinized squamous type
outer layer of an organ
sickness or indisposition resulting from an excess of drinking or eating
Grinding or gravelly sounds from within the jaw joint resulting from direct contact of bone against bone with no disc, or cushion, in between. May be with or without associated pain
the act of removing infected tissue from a wound; used commonly in dentistry to refer to the removal of grossly inflammed gum tissue caused be severe periodontal disease.
spoon-shaped instrument with a sharp edge designed for removing tissue or growth from the surface of a structure
sac containing a liquid or a semisolid substance
the process of removing dead, contaminated or adherent foreign material. The act of cleansing an infected area
a bed sore as the consequence of lying down in one position too long
significant loss of intellectual abilities severe enough to interfere with social and occupational functioning
the excessive growth of fibrous or connective tissue
condition characterized by excessive urination
outward passage through intact vessel walls of corpuscular elements of the blood
A decade old procedure for all porcelain crowns.
refers to a predisposition or tendency
DILATATION OR DILATION
stretching or distention of tissue beyond normal dimensions
abnormal pouch leading of a luminal structure
an old term for any condition characterized by an excessive accumulation of fluid in body cavities and subcutaneous tissue
pain during sexual intercourse
convulsion (seizures) occurring with pregnancy-associated hypertension
in the wrong place/out of place/not in the usual location
virtually total destruction/the thinning of the cervix which occurs before and while it dilates during delivery of a newborn
Too much fluid/an outpouring of fluid.
grossly enlarged extremities secondary to lymphatic obstruction
something that travels through the blood stream, lodges in a blood vessel and blocks it.
The hard crystalline material that covers the outside of the tooth. The hardest substance in the human body
a rash inside the body
inability to control the elimination of stool (fecal incontinence)
disease present in a community continually but in relatively low frequency
disease occurring in a community spontaneously and at a high rate
a surgical procedure for widening the outlet of the birth canal to facilitate delivery of the baby and to avoid a jagged rip of the perineum (the area between the anus and vulva, the opening of the vagina
congenital malformation in which the opening of the urethra (from which comes the urinary stream) is on the dorsum (topside) of the penis as opposed to hypospadias in which the opening is on the ventral (underside) of the penis
burping or belching/casting up wind (expelling air) from the stomach through the mouth
to peal off spontaneously or deliberately wear away the top layer of a surface epithelium.
substance that passes through membranes (vessels) in an inflammatory condition and has high content of serum proteins
an abnormal connection between two epithelial surface which may present as a drainage spot in the gums.
excess gas in the intestinal tract
the process of bending or in the state of being bent
a localized area of disease/the point at which rays converge
A filling done before a crown or bridge preparation. It is especially designed to be retentive in the tooth and to provide strength underneath the crown or bridge
a collection of pus of the skin ("boil")
an abnormal and persistent fear of being married.
the death of body tissue due to the loss of blood supply to that tissue, especially of an extremity, and some times permitting bacteria to invade the tissue and accelerate its decay
the term conveys the often-grotesque image of the medieval cathedral gargoyle
a defect in the abdominal wall allowing for protrusion of abdominal content.
the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease in older people and the problems specific to aging
the period of time from conception to birth
The reshaping of gum contours, often for esthetic purposes
The removal of excess or extra gum tissue to improve cleansibility and health
enlargement of the thyroid gland
a localized collection of mononuclear phagocytic cells
a fracture in which one side of a bone is broken while the other is bent similar to that of a green stick
living in the company of others
an abnormal and persistent fear of nudity
a non-neoplastic collection of tissue native to the area in a tumor-like fashion
a localized mass of blood vessels and on the skin manifests as the "birth mark"
a collection blood in the subcutaneous tissue following a venipuncture
a group of inherited bleeding disorders in which the ability of blood to clot is impaired
pertaining to the liver
a general term referring to a protrusion of a tissue through the wall of a cavity in which it is normally contained
an accumulation of fluid in the space around the testes
an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain
disease due to the action of the therapist or a prescribed therapy
obstruction of the intestine due to it being paralyzed
incomplete maturation of growth and development
hardening of soft tissue of the body
A tooth that is "stuck", or can grow no further into the mouth. Usually referrs to wisdom teeth, but any tooth can be impacted under unusual circumstances
Artificial tooth roots that are placed into and fuse with the bone of the jaw. They can be used to replace teeth or to support and retain dentures.
A mold, or negative, or intaglio of a tooth or teeth. Impressions are used to make crowns, bridges, veneers, dentures, some fillings, and study models
an area of tissue death generally due to a local lack of oxygen
A laboratory made internal filling, cemented or bonded into a tooth
in normal location/a neoplastic growth that is confined to its site of origin and has not invaded neighboring tissue or gone elsewhere in the body
inadequate or slow quality of sleep
spaces between the cells
virtual total blood supply to an area due to blockage of the blood vessels
a standard arrangement of the chromosome complement done for chromosome analysis
tumor-like mass of connective tissue in response to injury
the removal of part of the cornea
the overgrowth of the horny (keratinized) layer of the epidermis
high blood level of unconjugated bilirubin with deposition in the brain resulting in injury
outward curvature of the spine, causing a humped back
pertaining to tears
a plate or layer
downy hair on the body of the fetus or newborn baby (neonate)
an instrument through which structures within the abdomen and pelvis can be observed
hidden, dormant, inactive
sexual drive or the psychic energy from all instinctive biological drives
a molecule that binds to another molecule
to tie or to tie off
pertaining to the tongue
pertaining to fat
excessive inward curvature of the spine
pertaining to syphilis
passage or space within a tubular structure
the inactivation of an X chromosome
a small localized pigmented lesion of the skin without elevation or depression
Bad or misaligned bite.
pleasure from ones own pain
pain in the breast
to chew, grind or pulverize food until it turns to a pulp
complete growth and/or maturation
an opening or passageway
the process of germ cell formation with the reduction of chromosome number from 46 to 23
stool stained black by blood pigment or dark blood products (tarry stools)
the time in a girl's life that menstruation first begins
the time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently cease
a fold of tissue which attaches organs to the body wall
An extra tooth lodged in between the front teeth.
the process by which cancer spreads from a primary site to a secondary site
the act of urinating
pertaining to the ability to imitate
contraction of the pupils
the ordinary form of cell division without reduction in the number of chromosomes
resembling the bishop's headdress, the miter
non-fatal threatening state of a disease
fatal threatening state of a disease
an individual or tissue containing two or more types of genetically different cells
a sound due to vibrations from the flow of blood through the heart
dilatation of the pupils
Muscle inflammation caused by overuse and oxygen debt
the excretion of an excessively large amount of sodium in the urine
pertaining to the newborn period which is the first four weeks after birth
new uncontrolled/autonomous growth
central point of origin/any structure that resembles a nest
pertaining to the back of the neck
never having given birth to a child
rapid rhythmic repetitious involuntary eye movements
pain upon swallowing food and fluids
a sheet of fat that is covered by peritoneum
the umbilicus (navel)
a mutated gene that contributes to the growth of a neoplasm
A tooth restoration that covers the entire biting surface.
to treat partially and incompletely for reduction of the severity of the consequences of the disease
to touch or feel
pertaining to the eyelid
unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart
functional element of an organ or a tissue
entering the body not by the alimentary tract but rather by another mean, subcutaneous, intramuscular or intravenous
partial or incomplete paralysis
an abnormal spontaneous sensation such as burning, pricking, numbness, tingling, creeping, etc.
a sudden, violent episode/abrupt worsening of preexisting symptoms
the process of delivering the baby and placenta
open, unobstructed, affording free passage
A dentin treatment which allows it to bond to composite materials similarly to enamel.
the family member through whom a family's medical history comes known
an overly prominent jaw
A routine cleaning for healthy teeth and gums.
The technical name for the "nerve" inside the tooth; actually contains a nerve, an artery, a vein, a0. lymphatic drainage, and some primordial cells.
marked by a state of inactivity, repose, or tranquillity
spreading from a central point
a condition occurring in the absence of a gene responsible for the dominant trait
a new combination of genes
a backward flowing
pertaining to the kidney
capable of being removed
the procedure of restoring to life
a chill with shivering/rigidity
a vertical plane passing through the standing body from front to back
a feature which is very prominent - "standing out"
promoting health or well-being
having a ruddy or reddish coloration
malignant lesion of mesenchymal origin
hardening as the result of increase fibrosis
lateral curvature of the spine
an aged state
Discomfort in a tooth caused by touch, sweet, hot, cold, biting pressure, or releasing pressure.
toxicity due to invasion of the bloodstream by virulent bacteria usually coming from a local site of infection
a pathological condition resulting from a prior disease or injury
failure of the circulatory system to maintain adequate tissue perfusion which sharply decreases the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to vital organs
sleepy or tendency to cause sleep
stoppage of flow of blood or lymph
narrowing of vessels or a tubular structure
the sudden death of brain tissue due to a lack of oxygen when blood flow to the brain is impaired due to blockage or bleeding (hemorrhage). Often called a cerebrovascular accident and indicated as CVA
supporting framework of a tissue
SUBACUTE BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS
An infection of the valve and muscle tissue inside the heart.
partial displacement of a structure with complete displacement being designated as luxation
rotation of the forearm and hand so that the palm is up or the foot and leg with the sole up. The opposite is pronation
conjoined twins whose heads are joined together
partial or complete loss of consciousness with interruption of awareness of oneself and ones surroundings
a set of signs and symptoms that tend to occur together and which reflect the presence of a particular disease or an increased likelihood of developing a particular disease
a rapid heart rate, usually defined as greater than 100 beats per minute
any agent that can disturb the development of an embryo or fetus
a sensation of "ringing" in the ears or another noise that seems to originate in the ears or head
having unlimited capability
a plasma protein that transport iron through the blood to the liver, spleen and bone marrow
the distinct three month periods associated with pregnancy
any abnormal mass of tissue (inflammatory, neoplastic - benign or malignant)
substance that passes through membranes (vessels) in non-inflammatory conditions and has a low content of serum proteins
significant break in surface continuity
an embryonic canal which connects the bladder with the umbilical cord
the presence of excessive amount of nitrogenous waste product in the blood which often signifies renal failure
angled outward, bent or twisted outward
a dilated, tortuous vein often associated with incompetency of the valves in the veins
pertaining to veins
a local growth of the outer layer of the skin (wart) caused by the human papilloma virus
a feeling of dizzily turning around or that things are dizzily turning about you
a small fluid-filled space on the skin and some mucous membrane
abnormal twisting of the intestine which can impair the blood flow to the affected area
a raised, itchy (pruritic) area of the skin generally in association with allergy
yellowish firm nodules in the skin frequently seen in diabetics and lipid disorders
a surgical graft from one species to an unlike species