Absolute Contraindications and Conditions which require Modifications (page 5) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Absolute Contraindications and Conditions which require Modifications (page 5) Deck (35)
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1

_____________ – A coma induced by extremely high blood sugar levels, from eating wrong type of foods & not getting exercise or taking insulin as required

 

 

 

Diabetic Coma

(Absolute Contraindication - General Condition)

2

 ______________  – Condition induced by not eating enough, exercising too much or having too much insulin for amount of sugar in their blood 

 

 

 

Insulin Shock

(Absolute Contraindication - General Condition)

3

 ____________ is the inability of the liver to carry out, one or more, of its essential functions.

 

 

Liver Failure

(Absolute Contraindication - General Condition)

4

____________ is the inability to breath or extreme difficulty breathing, due to poor air quality or physical exertion in those that are susceptible 

 

 

 

Severe Asthmatic Attack

(Absolute Contraindication - General Condition)

5

Medical term for all or partially collapsed lung; a condition in which the lung cannot expand

 

 

 

Atelectasis

(Absolute Contraindication - General Condition)

6

___________________ – Trauma to the head or neck affecting blood flow to the brain including but not limited to, stroke

 

 

Cerebrovascular Accident

(Absolute Contraindication - General Condition)

7

Identify at least 6 complications of diabetes that if it accompanies diabetes it may require first aid or medical attention.

Gangrene

Post-CVA (Unstable)

Post myocardial infarction (Unstable)

Advance Heart Disease

Unstable High BP

Eclampsia

Hemophilia

Hemorrhage

Severe Atherosclerosis

Severe, undiagnosed headaches (over 50 y/o)

Shock

Significant Fever

Systemic Contagious/ Infectious Condition

Some highly metastatic cancers not judged terminal  

8

_____________ - Heart attack (due to lack of oxygen/blood to the heart muscle) 

 

 

Myocardial Infarction

(Absolute Contraindication - General Condition)

9

___________ - A chronic systemic disease marked by inflammation of multiple synovial joints

 

 

Rheumatoid Arthritis

(Absolute Contraindication - Local Condition)

10

__________________ - A chronic auto-immune inflammatory disease involving multiple organ systems and marked by periodic acute episodes. Its name is derived from the characteristic erythematous “butterfly” rash over the nose and cheeks 

 

 

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

(Absolute Contraindication - Local Condition)

11

______________  – Pregnancy where fertilized ovum attaches outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube

 

 

Ectopic Pregnancy

(Absolute Contraindication - Local Condition)

12

_______________ - A blood clot in one or more of the deep veins of the legs (the most common site), or the veins of arms, pelvis, neck, axilla or chest. The clot may damage the vein or may embolize to other organs (e.g., the heart or lungs)

 

 

 

Deep Vein Thrombosis

(Absolute Contraindication - Local Condition)

13

___________ is the condition wherein there is inflammation of a vein in conjunction with the formation of a thrombus (adhering blood clot) 

 

 

Thrombophlebitis

(Absolute Contraindication - Local Condition)

14

This condition is described as a localized abnormal dilatation of a blood vessel, usually an artery; due to a congenital defect or weakness in the wall of the vessel (life threatening would be in a vessel that impacts one or more vital organs)

 

 

Aneurism

(Absolute Contraindication - Local Condition)

15

This condition is described as a chronic progressive inflammatory disorder that involves primarily the joints between articular processes, costovertebral joints and sacroiliac joints

 

 

 

Ankylosing Spondylitis

(Absolute Contraindication)

16

This is a pain syndrome characterized by an abnormal response of the nerves of the face or an extremity, marked by pain, autonomic dysfunction, vasomotor instability and tissue swelling (usually initiated by trauma)

 

 

Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy

(Absolute Contraindication - Local Condition)

17

This pain syndrome is described as intense burning pain accompanied by trophic skin changes, due to injury of nerve fibers 

 

 

Causalgia

(Absolute Contraindication - Local Condition)

18

This condition is described as any nonprogressive but often changing, motor impairment syndromes secondary to lesions or anomalies of the brain, arising in the early stages of its development

 

 

Cerebral Palsy

(General Condition req. Modification)

19

_________ is paralysis in one side of the body usually due to brain damage

 

 

Hemiplegia

(General Condition req. Modification)

20

___________ is a condition having temporary, repetitive or sustained disruptions in nerve impulse conduction, causing symptoms such as muscular weakness or numbness, due to destruction of myelin sheaths of neural axons

 

 

Multiple Sclerosis

(General Condition req. Modification)

21

This condition is described as a degenerative disease of the central nervous system that produces movement disorders in the elderly population

 

 

Parkinsons Disease

(General Condition req. Modification)

22

This condition is characterized by the inability of the heart to circulate blood effectively enough, to meet the body's metabolic needs

 

 

Congestive Heart Failure

(General Condition req. Modification)

23

___________ is a chronic pulmonary disease marked by an abnormal increase in the size of air spaces, distal to the terminal bronchiole, with destruction of the alveolar walls; also pathological distention of interstitial tissues by gas

 

 

 

Emphysema

(General Condition req. Modification)

24

_____________ – overuse or imbalance of jaw muscles which may result in teeth grinding (bruxism) or locked jaw 

 

 

Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction

(Local Condition req. Modification)

25

This is a type of fracture usually due to stress, such as shin splints in runners

 

 

Stress Fracture Site

(Local Condition req. Modification)

26

This condition is characterized by intermittent attacks of pallor or cyanosis of the small arteries and arterioles of the fingers, as the result of inadequate arterial blood flow 

 

 

Raynaud's phenomenon

(Local Condition req. Modification)

27

A condition that causes shoulder pain with restricted movement even though there is no obvious intrinsic shoulder disease

 

 

Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis)

(Local Condition req. Modification)

28

This condition is characterized by infection of the uterus, fallopian tube and adjacent pelvic structures when not associated with surgery or pregnancy

 

 

 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 

(Local Condition req. Modification)

29

What type of edema maintains the depression produced when pressing firmly by the finger?

 

 

Pitting Edema

(Local Condition req. Modification)

30

_________ is described as sudden unilateral facial paralysis 

 

 

Bell's Palsy (CN VII affectation)

(Local Condition req. Modification)