AC-Ch. 14 Urban Forestry Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in AC-Ch. 14 Urban Forestry Deck (29)
1

Best available industry recognized courses of action, in consideration of the benefits and limitations, based on scientific research and current knowledge

Best management practices

2

Capturing and long term storage of carbon. Most often used in reference to the capturing of atmospheric carbon dioxide through biological, chemical, or physical processes.

Carbon sequestration

3

An individual specializing in the fields of Arboriculture and urban forestry and having responsibility for the management of all or part of planted and naturally occurring greenscapes on public land in communities.

City forester

4

Subjecting organic matter to decay and decomposition processes.

Composting

5

Group of representatives of several tree care and landscape associations that works to research and author the Guide for Plant Appraisal

Council of Tree and Landscape Appraisers

6

Complex system of living organisms and their abiotic environment

Ecosystem

7

Computer application used to store, view, and analyze geographical information typically maps

Geographic information system

8

Living components within developed areas. Can be incorporated with gray infrastructure to perform important ecological functions such as stormwater management, erosion control, temperature buffering and more

Green infrastructure

9

Rise in temperature that the Earth experiences because certain gases in the atmosphere trap energy from the sun

Greenhouse effect

10

An environment suitable for sustaining a population of a given organism.

Habitat

11

Constructed inanimate elements of a landscape such as walls, pathways, and seats made of wood, stone and/or other materials

Hardscape

12

Suite of software products and management tools that allows the user to inventory the urban forest and analyze its costs, benefits and management needs.

I-tree

13

Green building rating system developed by the U.S. Green building council to provide standards for environmentally sustainable construction and building management practices

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

14

An individual specializing in the fields of Arboriculture and urban forestry and having responsibility for the management of all or part of planted and naturally occurring greenscapes on public land in communities

Municipal arborist

15

Written order granting permission to do something

Permit

16

Method to appraise the monetary value of trees considered replaceable with nursery or feild grown stock. Based on the cost of replacement with the same or comparable species of the same size in the same place subject to depreciation for various factors

Replacement cost

17

Measure of the number and variety of different species found in a given area

Species diversity

18

Person or group that has an interest in or is affected by an activity or decision

Stakeholder

19

An established or widely recognized authority of acceptable performance

Standard

20

Water originating from precipitation that flows above ground rather than infiltrating into the soil. May occur if soils are frozen or saturated or if the rate at which precipitation falls is greater than the infiltration rate of a soil.

Stormwater runoff

21

The ability to maintain ecological, social, and economic benefits over time

Sustainability

22

Program created to establish national guidelines and performance benchmarks for sustainable land design, construction, and maintenance practices.

Sustainable Sites Initiative

23

Record of each tree within a designated population typically includes species, size, location, condition and maintenance requirements

Tree inventory

24

Tree specific legal document that defines a public agency's authority, describes required conditions or actions, establishes penalties for non-conformance and identifies who is responsible for enforcement and over sight

Tree ordinance

25

Method to appraise the monetary value of trees considered too large to be replaced with nursery or field grown stock. Based on developing a representative unit cost for replacement with the same size and in the same place subject to depreciation for various factors.

Trunk formula method

26

Document that describes how urban forestry goals are to be accomplished within a defined time frame includes tasks, prorities, best management practices, standards, specifications, budgets and staffing analyses.

Urban forest management plan

27

Management of naturally occurring and planted trees and associated plants in urban areas

Urban forestry

28

Animals living in a natural undomesticated state

Wildlife

29

Practice and study of the care of trees and other woody plants in the landscape.

Arboriculture