Flashcards in AC Migration - USA Deck (19)
When did President Reagan sign in the immigration act?
What was the name of the Act signed by Reagan in 1986 and what did it do?
Immigration Reform Act
Granted amnesty to over 3 million unknown migrants (aliens)
How many migrants lived in USA in 2013?
What are some of the major pull factors to the USA?
Lifestyle (Bright Light Syndrome)
What are some of the major economic opportunities in USA (low and high skilled)?
Low: Retail, agriculture
High: Technology, Silicon Valley
What does the 'American Dream' involve?
Land of freedom
Right to work
What is the major factor leading to emigration?
Migrants become American citizens -> Start a family -> Then go home and take family with them
What is the name of the US migration policy?
Immigration and Naturalisation Act
What does the US migration policy allow?
Annual limit of 675 000 permanent migrants worldwide
What is the US migration policy based on?
Visa for skilled workers
What does 'Invisible Population' refer to?
The people who are living in a country that are not known about
They do not pay tax and don't have health care/education access
What is the major US migrant bilateral corridor?
US - Mexico
How many of each of US and Mexico populations live within the other (2013)?
11.5 million Mexicans lived in USA
1 million Americans lived in Mexico
What does protectionism refer to?
Barriers to international trade to protect domestic industries
What is NAFTA?
North American Free Trade Agreement
How much money does merchandise produce per day (US and Mexico)
What issues have been seen as a result of NAFTA?
Imbalance in political power
What are the major opportunities created by migration between USA and Mexico?
Immigrants take many low paid jobs -> significant growth
Policies also designed to attract highly skilled workers
Economically active ages