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Flashcards in AC Migration - USA Deck (19)
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1

When did President Reagan sign in the immigration act?

1986

2

What was the name of the Act signed by Reagan in 1986 and what did it do?

Immigration Reform Act
Granted amnesty to over 3 million unknown migrants (aliens)

3

How many migrants lived in USA in 2013?

41.3 million

4

What are some of the major pull factors to the USA?

Economic opportunities
Lifestyle (Bright Light Syndrome)
American Dream
Education

5

What are some of the major economic opportunities in USA (low and high skilled)?

Low: Retail, agriculture
High: Technology, Silicon Valley

6

What does the 'American Dream' involve?

Prosperity
Land of freedom
Right to work

7

What is the major factor leading to emigration?

Migrants become American citizens -> Start a family -> Then go home and take family with them

8

What is the name of the US migration policy?

Immigration and Naturalisation Act

9

What does the US migration policy allow?

Annual limit of 675 000 permanent migrants worldwide

10

What is the US migration policy based on?

Family reunification
Protecting refugees
Visa for skilled workers

11

What does 'Invisible Population' refer to?

The people who are living in a country that are not known about
They do not pay tax and don't have health care/education access

12

What is the major US migrant bilateral corridor?

US - Mexico

13

How many of each of US and Mexico populations live within the other (2013)?

11.5 million Mexicans lived in USA
1 million Americans lived in Mexico

14

What does protectionism refer to?

Barriers to international trade to protect domestic industries

15

What is NAFTA?

North American Free Trade Agreement

16

How much money does merchandise produce per day (US and Mexico)

$1.4 billion

17

What issues have been seen as a result of NAFTA?

Imbalance in political power

18

What are the major opportunities created by migration between USA and Mexico?

Immigrants take many low paid jobs -> significant growth
Policies also designed to attract highly skilled workers
Economically active ages

19

What are the major challenges created by migration between USA and Mexico?

Unauthorised migrants (invisible population)
Unrest in communities
Strain on resources