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A Level Geography - Migration > Migration and Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Migration and Development Deck (12)
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1

What is the Human Development Index?

Composite index involving life expectancy, GDP per capita and education

2

What links migration and development?

Multiplier Effect
Inequality leading to movement for better opportunities

3

Define multiplier effect:

New economic activity in an area creates more employment
More money -> growth -> investment -> more jobs

4

How can migration promote stability?

Youthful migrants balance population structure
Inc econ stability as money earned in a country is spent in the same country
Spread new learnt ideas in country of origin

5

How can migration promote growth?

Migrants within reproductive age can increase BR
Increased remittances

6

How can migration promote development?

Origin country has less strain on resources
Migration development projects via UN

7

How can migration cause inequality?

Origin country lose portion of young vibrant population
Only some families will receive remittances

8

How can migration cause conflicts?

Unrest between host country and newcomers
International borders become areas of concern

9

How can migration cause injustices?

HR violations:
Forced labour, female exploitation, human trafficking

10

Example of unequal flows of people:

France migration to UK, UK pay France to stop migrants crossing border

11

Example of unequal flows of technology:

Rural LIDCs have limited internet access

12

Example of unequal flows of money:

Some will get less remittances than others