Flashcards in Migration and Development Deck (12)
What is the Human Development Index?
Composite index involving life expectancy, GDP per capita and education
What links migration and development?
Inequality leading to movement for better opportunities
Define multiplier effect:
New economic activity in an area creates more employment
More money -> growth -> investment -> more jobs
How can migration promote stability?
Youthful migrants balance population structure
Inc econ stability as money earned in a country is spent in the same country
Spread new learnt ideas in country of origin
How can migration promote growth?
Migrants within reproductive age can increase BR
How can migration promote development?
Origin country has less strain on resources
Migration development projects via UN
How can migration cause inequality?
Origin country lose portion of young vibrant population
Only some families will receive remittances
How can migration cause conflicts?
Unrest between host country and newcomers
International borders become areas of concern
How can migration cause injustices?
Forced labour, female exploitation, human trafficking
Example of unequal flows of people:
France migration to UK, UK pay France to stop migrants crossing border
Example of unequal flows of technology:
Rural LIDCs have limited internet access