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Flashcards in Activity 5 Deck (47):
1

Before you drive, what 6 things should you do

1- Trip Planning- Each time driving, determine overall transportation needs.
2- Check the Vehicle- MAy not want to drive by yourself, drive w/ someone to public transportation
Braking system, lights, windshield
3- CLEAN THE GLASS- Dirt on lenses can reduce visibility by 50%
4- Adjust Seat and Mirrors
5- Use safety belts
6- child restraints-age 8 or 65 pounds

2

Whats Bad. Info about driving

Safety belts can trap you inside
Safety belts are good for long trips, not for driving locally
Some are thrown in a car and leave unscratched
Better of being thrown across the car
I can brace myself

3

Basic Driving

Starting- PArking break must be onn
Accelerating- Smooth and gradual
Steering- 9&3 or 10&2
Speeding- Know how fast ur going
Stopping- Avoid panic stops by seeing events well in advance
Braking- W. ABS hard and steer; W/O, BRAKE HARD BY DONT LOCK IT UP
Seeing- Depends on what you see
Scanning- Well down the road. Look @ least 10 seconds ahead.
Look to sides

4

Intersections

Any place where traffic merges. b4 entering-scan, Look across intersection b4 moving. Dont block Intersection.

5

Railroads

When approaching, slow down, look u and down tracks. Dont assume no train is coming- this is the leading cause of death @ RR

6

Look behind

Check more often when traffic is heavy. Only way to know if someone's following too closely/fast

7

Lane Changes

Must check that there'As no vehicles in lane you want to enter, check traffic to sides and behind b4 changing. Includes merging, entrance ramp,entering roadway from curb/shoulder.

8

When slowing down

must check behind vehicle when slowing. When slowing quickly or @ points where following , driver would not expect you ti slow down

9

When backing up

Do as little as possible. check behind vehicle b4 gettin in, place right arm on back of seat & turn around to look through rear window. Dont depend on side mirrors

10

When going down a long steep/hill

Check mirrors when going down hills/mountains. vehicle usually builds speed. Be alert for trucks & buses that may be going too fast

11

____ ALL THE TIME

SCAN all the time

12

Communicating

It's important for drivers to let other road users know they are there& what they plan to do.

13

5 things to do to let others know youre there

Use headlights
use horn
when not to use horn
Use emerg. signals
Stay out of blind spot

14

2 things to do when letting others know what youre doing

Signal when changing direction
Signal when slowing down

15

Adjusting Speed

The faster your vehicle is going, more distance it'll take to turn,slow,stop

16

Road Conidtion: Curves

Vehicle travel faster in striaght line than curve. Too fast- tires cant grip= skid. Slow down before entering curve,so you dont have to use the break. Braking in a curve causess sidding

17

Road Conditions: Slippery Road

Slow down @ first sign of rain,snow,sleet. On wet road reduce speed approx. 10mph. On packed snow cut speed in half. Use snow showers or tire.chains. "crawl" on road.

18

Road COnditions: Water on ROad

Slow down. Most tires have gppd traction up to 35mph. faster=hydroplane. In heavy rain, can loose all traction, @ lower speeds . Takes 2in of moving water to move vehicle. Ease foot of gas pedal. Keep steering straight. Only try to turn in emerg. if must turn- do slowly. Don't stop till all tires grip ground.

19

Keeping pace with traffic

Keep pase w/ others. Each time you pass-chance for crash.`

20

Entering Traffic

Enter @ same speed of traffic. Roadways have ramps to build speed on ramp b4 pull onto road. Dont drive to end then stop, or wont have time to build speed IF have to wait to enter roadway, slow down on ramp to have some room to speed up b4 merging

21

LEaving traffic

Keep pace. if traveling on exit ramp, don't slow down until moving onto exit ramp. When turning from high speed to two lane roadway try not to slow too early if traffic is behind.

22

Slow moving traffic

SOme vehicles are slow- change lane. Watch for large trucks, underpowered cars on steep grades when entering traffic- can loose speed on steep hills-takes longer to build speed. Farm tactors, animal-drawn vehicles, roadway maintence.

23

Trouble spots

Lower speed to have time to react. Shopping centers, parking lots, down town areas, rush hours, narrow beidges, toll lazas, school,playgrounds,resident, RR

24

NIGHT DRIVING- DONT OVER DRIVE YOUR_____

dont overdrive your HEADLIGHTS

25

Drive defensively

DOnt trust driver to DO WHAT YOU THINK THEYRE GOING TO DO, OR WHATD YOUD DO IN THEIR PLACE

26

How well can you see and react @ 50mph

400ft to react & stop, length of city block. If cant see 400ft, not driving safley at 50mph

27

HOw well can you see and react at 30mph

200ft to stop 1/2 city block. IF cant see 200ft ahead not driving safely at 30mph.

28

Darkness

must be able to stop w.in distance of headlights. Headlights should see350ft ahead should drive @ speed that allows you to stop w.in this istance (About 50mph)

29

Rain,fog,snow

must be able to see 200ft ahead. IF not- cant drive faster than 30mph. In heavy downpour may not be able to see well enough to drive If so, pull off road in safe place-wait

30

Hills and Curves

may not know whats on other sideadjut speed 2 stop if needed

31

parked vehicles

Parked vehicle may block view. Give as much room as possible

32

Sight Distance Rule

If reach object b4 "4" traveling too fast. Can use @ night

33

Speed Limits

Must comply based on road and vehicles. They're based on design on road and vehicls that use them. Speed limits posted are for ideal conditions

34

Space ahead

Rear end crashes-common 3 sec. rule- Watch 4 when rear of vehicle ahead passes sign,pole,stationary point. Count secs. it takes to reach same spot If following too closely-you're passed the mark b4 finish counting. If so start over

35

Space Behind

Always maintain safe distance behind vehicle. Do so when: stopping 2 pick up/drop of passengers, parallel parking, driving slowly, being tailgaited

36

Space to the sides

needed when changing turning lanes. Avoid driving next to other vehicles on multi-lane roads. Keep as much space as possible- make room for vehicles entering roadway that has 2+ lanes

37

Space to merge

Need gap approx. 4 secs. Dont attempt to merge into gap too small. If want to cross several lanes, take them 1 @ a time

38

Space to Cross/Enter

Need large enoguh gap to completely cross roas. Need enough space to turn & get up to speed. IF turning left, make sure theres no vehicle/pedestrians blocking. EVen if you have a green light-don't start to cross intersection if theres vehicle & parked cars. Give extra space to pedestrians/bikes, especially children.

39

Space to pass

Dont count having enough time to pass several vehicles. Gen. rule-pass 1 vehicle @ a time. Oncoming vehicles-@55mph need 10 secs. to pass. At 55mph you'll travel 800 ft in 10 secs. So, you'll need over 1600ft or a third of a mile to pass safely.
Intersections, Lane restrictions,space to return, RR crossing.

40

Space for Special Situations

Give extra room to those who cant see you, distracted people,drivers in trouble

41

BE IN SHAPE TO DRIVE- Your ability to be a safe driver depends on...

being able to see clearly, not being overly tired, not driving when on drugs or alcohol, being generally healthy & emotionally fit to drive.

42

What 3 things does vision help with/what you need vision for

1- Side Vision
2- Judging Distance
3- NIght Vision

43

Hearing

Helpful. To hear Sound of horns,siren, etc. to alert you. People having hearing problems tend to stay more alert & drive like good like everyone else

44

Fatigue

Cant function effciently,safely when tired, Could fall asleep behind wheel, crash,injure yourself or others. Be well rested, dont take drowsy meds, eat lightly,take nreaks

45

Drinking and Driving

NAtionally, alcohol is involved in 41% of traffic crashes in which someone is killed. If even a lil' alcohol -chances of having accident much greater. No one can drink and drive safely

46

Health

Cold, sinus infection etc., Heart condition, Epilepsy, Diabetes, can effect driving. If not well let someone else drive.

47

Emotions

can effect driving greatly. If angry/excited give time to calm down. If worried-focus on driving. IF impatient leave early, give extra time 4 drving