Acute upper& lower Respiratory Diseases (Gas#2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Acute upper& lower Respiratory Diseases (Gas#2) Deck (50)
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1

Upper Respiratory Infections

Sinusitis, Acute/Chronic pharyngitis, Croup, Epiglottitis

2

Rhinitis

inflammation of nasal mucous membrane

3

Rhinorrhea

Profuse watery nasal discharge

4

Conjunctivitis

inflammation of the membrane lining the eyelid and covering the eyeball

5

Allergic Shiner

Dark circles under eyes from venous congestion in the maxillary sinuses

6

How do you treat Rhinitis, Rhinorrhea, conjunctivitis & allergic shiner

find out if it is an allergies, cold mist, nasal spray, laser device

7

Acute Sinusitis s/s

<3 wks, facial pain worsening when bending over, intermittent sore throat, tooth pain (present in both acute&chronic: fever, nasal discharge, congestion, HA, pain)

8

Chronic Sinusitis s/s

fever, nasal discharge, congestion, HA, pain

9

acute/chronic Sinusitis treatment

decongestants, acetaminophen, antibiotics, surgery

10

Pharyngitis

inflammation of the tonsils, pharynx and larynx

11

Acute pharyngitis s/s

sudden painful inflammation, fever, malaise, bacterial/viral, easily spread-droplet

12

Acute bacterial pharyngitis s/s

will have white patches and 2 or more symptoms

13

acute viral pharyngitis s/s

red swollen tonsils, throat redness

14

what types of things can cause chronic pharyngitis/treatment

persistent tonsillitis, dust, excessive voice use, smoking, alcohol/ prolonged antibiotics

15

Croup (Laryngotracheobronchitis)/cause

acute inflammation of larynx, trachea and major bronchi, occurs in kids 3-6 yrs old, usually viral

16

Croup s/s

usually sudden, hoarse, barking cough, stridor, marked retractions, the greater the croup score the worse it is

17

mild croup treatment

cool-air, steamy bathroom

18

severe croup treatment

corticosteroids, bronchodilator

19

Epiglottitis

swollen epiglottis may be viral or bacterial

20

Epiglottits s/s

severe stridor, high fever, HIGH WBC, DROOLING, very sore throat, 4 D's

21

4 D's of Epiglottitis

drooling, dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), dystonia, distressed inspiration

22

what position can you put a child in with Epiglottitis to help them breath?

put them in the tripod position

23

Lower respiratory tract diseases

SARS, pulmonary edema, pleural effusion, pulmonary embolism, ARF, ARDS, chest tumors

24

SARS (Sudden acute respiratory syndrome) s/s & key symptom that you will see

fever, cough, SOB, difficulty breathing, HYPOXIA, low white cell count (determining factor)

25

SARS treatment

oxygen, hydration, corticosteriods, mechanical ventilation

26

Pulmonary Edema

fluid in interstitial or alveolar space

27

Pulmonary edema can cause cardiogenic problems such as..

HF, volume overload, cardiac tamponade

28

Pulmonary edema can cause non-cardiogenic problems such as

Embolism, pancreatitis, DIC, sepsis, shock

29

Pulmonary Embolism results in

pulmonary infarction, it can obstruct >60% of pulmonary circulation

30

Pulmonary Embolism risk factors

obesity, immobility, pregnancy, oral contraceptives, surgery, afib, fractures, prior clotting problems