Integumentary System Gas #21 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Integumentary System Gas #21 Deck (55)
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1

Keratin

In epidermis layer, forms outer barrier of the skin and can repel pathogens and prevent excessive fluid loss from the body

2

Layers of the dermis

Papillary & reticular

3

Dermis:papillary function

Produces collagen, contains capillaries and receptors for pain and touch

4

Dermis:reticular function

Blood vessels, sweat, collagen fibers

5

Subcutaneous layer function

Contains adipose tissue which permits skin mobility, molds body contours, insulates the body

6

Eccrine &apocrine glands

Produce sweat

7

Ceruminous glands

Secrete yellow brown waxy cerumen (ear wax)

8

Epidermis function

Protects tissues, prevents water loss, water repellant layer, contains keratin

9

Difference between pruritis, xerosis, psoriasis

Pruritis-itching, xerosis-dry skin, psoriasis-build up of keratin

10

Where is xerosis usually found

Older adult due to decreased skin lubrication and moisture

11

Pruitis/causes

Unpleasant sensation of skin itching, prickly, burning; animals plants fabrics meds can cause this

12

Pruritis treatments

Avoid hot water, use mild soap and warm water, cool compresses, avoid alcohol, use humidifiers, apply bland emollients daily

13

Pruritis treatment medications

Creams-nutraderm, ointments-Vaseline, lotions-calamine, antibiotics-bacitracin, corticosteroids, antihistamines-Benadryl

14

Psoriasis

Chronic noninfectious, inflammatory disease, increased epidermal cells (overproduction of keratin), raised red round plaques covered c thick silvery scales

15

Causes of psoriasis

Stress anxiety trauma can aggravate it, unknown cause

16

Psoriasis treatment

Topical, systemic, photo chemotherapy

17

Psoriasis topical treatment/made out of

Tar products, tazarotene is made from vit A, TIM's, corticosteroids & you wrap with plastic film after it is applied

18

Psoriasis systemic therapy

Methotrexate, cyclosporine

19

Psoriasis photochemotherapy /risks

PUVA, pt takes a photo sensitivity med exposing themselves to a long wave of ultraviolet light, risks: skin ca, cataracts, premature skin aging

20

MRSA s/s

Small red bumps, boils or "spider bites", they become deep painful abscesses

21

MRSA causes

Unnecessary antibiotic use, antibiotics in food & water, germ mutation

22

MRSA risk factors

Current or recent hospitalization, long term care, invasive devices, recent antibiotic use (cipro, cephalosporin)

23

Risk factors for CA-MRSA

Young age, contact sports, sharing towels/athletic equipment, weakened immune system, crowded unsanitary conditions, health care workers

24

Folliculitis/ how do you get it

A bacterial infection of a hair follicle, shaving, stye, poor hygiene

25

Folliculotis turns into what

Furuncles

26

Furuncles

Boils, inflammation of one or more hair follicles that spreads to surrounding dermis, usually staph. aureus

27

Furuncles can turn into what

Carbuncle

28

Carbuncle

An abscess of the skin and sq tissue, an extension of a furuncle. Appears where skin is thick and inelastic

29

Systemic symptoms of a carbuncle

Fever, malaise, chills

30

Carbuncle treatment

Systemic antibiotics:cloxacillin, dicloxacillin, flucloxacillin