ADHD Flashcards Preview

Abnormal Psychology > ADHD > Flashcards

Flashcards in ADHD Deck (14):
1

when was it first described

1902

2

description

- difficulty paying attention
-excessively active
-impulsive
-social clumsiness

3

Comorbidity

-70% have ODD
-50% have a mood disorder

4

3 Areas of Attention

1. Selective Attention: filtering stimuli to focus on important ones NOT AN ISSUE IN ADHD
2. Attentional Orienting in Space: turning to sound etc NOT AN ISSUE IN ADHD
3. Arousal and Vigilance: remaining prepared to attend IMPAIRED IN ADHD

5

2 areas of Executive Functioning affected

1. Response Inhibition
2. Working Memory
- verbal working memory and visuo- spatial memory

6

% of children who have abnormal EEG readings

20% of abnormal EEG readings

7

Asymmetry

reduced right>left asymmetry in prefrontal cortices, less right side activity

8

ADHD is associated with _______ wave activity

slow

9

Four brain regions associated with ADHD

1. Prefrontal Cortex
2. Corpus Callosum
3. Basal Ganglia
4. Cerebellum

10

3 neurotransmitters

1. dopamine
2. norepinephrine
3. serotonin

11

3 major traits and their relationship to ADHD

1. Extraversion: thought to be mediated by dopaminergic circuitry
2. Neuroticism: thought to be related to limbic reactivity to stress
3. Conscientiousness: related to the concept of cognitive control or executive functioning

12

Environmental Causes of ADHD

- Low birth weight
-prenatal alcohol exposure
-natal or perinatal hypoxia
-maternal diabetes
-exposure to toxic substances
-Family SES

13

Pharmacological Treatments

stimulants
-tricyclic antidepressants

14

Psychotherapy

behaviour modification
CBT