Autism Spectrum Disorder Flashcards Preview

Abnormal Psychology > Autism Spectrum Disorder > Flashcards

Flashcards in Autism Spectrum Disorder Deck (15):
1

year it was first described

1940s

2

comorbidity

40-50% for intellectual disability

3

savant abilities

about 1/10 individuals have savant abilities
- intense knowledge in a certain category ex. music

4

motor development

60% show dysdiadochokinesia
33% have difficulties with gait or postural positioning
15% have abnormal muscle tone

5

theory of mind

our understanding of the mental activity and expressed emotions of others
- individuals with autism lack in theory of mind

6

problems with theory of mind

- social impairments occur before
-tom and communicative ability develop separately
- high functioning autistic children often do well on tom tasks
-tom deficits appear in intellectual disabilities

7

extreme male brain theory

males are more systemizers
- autism have exaggerated male profile

8

intense world theory

strong response to sensory stimulation is the root of autism

9

vpa in rats

rats treated in utero to vpa show withdrawn social behaviour and hyper-reactivity to stimuli similar to that of autism

10

empathy imbalance hypothesis

children with autism have weak cognitive empathy but heightened emotional empathy

11

3 functional deficits in autism

social cognition
language
motor behaviour and motor coordination

12

structures in motor behaviour and motor coordination

motor cortex
premotor cortex
cerebellum

13

structures in language

brocas area
wernickes area

14

structures in executive function

prefrontal lobe

15

social cognition

various areas referred to as the social brain