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Flashcards in Intro to Abnormal Psychology Deck (19):
1

Impairment Criterion

someone who shows impairment in some domain of interpersonal functioning etc

2

Personal Distress Criterion

any set of behaviours that leads the individual to be concerned about their behaviour

3

Biomedical Model

mental disorders are physical disorders
- suggests purely physical/pharmacological treatments for all disorders

4

Problems with the Biomedical Model

- no biological test that allows mental disorders to be diagnosed
- the prevalence of mental disorders is still increasing
-no purely biological cause has been found yet in the DSM

5

Psychodynamic Model & Treatment

- symptoms have purely psychological causes
- result from maladaptive psychological responses to internal conflict
- treatment consists of bringing conflicts to the surface

6

Behavioural Model & treatment

mental disorders are caused by behaviour that is inappropriate, maladaptive etc, abnormal behaviour is learned
not caused by psychological or physical causes

- treatment involves changing the conditions of learning

7

Socio-cultural Model

abnormal behaviour results from stresses in the environment

8

Evidence for Socio-cultural model: Schreier & Chen

parents childhood SES predicted their childrens blood pressure
- low SES predicted increasing BP

9

Evidence for Socio-cultural model: Yee & Prendergast

conditions of housing influenced responses to simulated bacterial infections in rats

10

Cognitive Model & treatment

mental disorders result from maladaptive ways of selecting information around us

treatment: training individuals to think differently about themselves, the most popular and successful treatment

11

DSM-1 came out in

1952

12

DSM-V came out in

2013

13

How many categories does DSM-V have

300

14

Sufficient Cause

if A always produces B

15

Necessary and Sufficient Cause

if B never happens unless A is present, than A is a necessary and sufficient cause of B

16

Diathesis

predisposition, can be genetic, neurochemical etc

17

Stress

condition, usually thought of as environmental or experiential

18

Diathesis Stress Model

in the presence of the diathesis, stress triggers disordered symptoms

19

Environmental Sensitivity Hypothesis

individuals with low environmental sensitivity will have less variation in their functioning for different levels of environments

Individuals with high environmental sensitivity:
- positive environment = high functioning