Adjectives III (Word formation) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Adjectives III (Word formation) Deck (26):
1

accessible

sth that can be easily reached / entered / obtained / used
accessible (n)
Opp: inaccessible, inaccessibility (n)
e.g. The northern part of the park is virtually inaccessible unless you have a four-wheel drive.

2

accurate

precise / correct
accuracy (n)
Opp: inaccurate, inaccuracy (n)
e.g. It is not always easy to give accurate measurements for the strength of an earthquake.

3

apologetic

to say or show you are sorry for doing sth
e.g. Audrey was extremely apologetic for having kept us waiting so long.

4

arguable

debatable, may be questioned [Note: it is arguable that: it can be argued that]
e.g. Whether or not this is the way forward is arguable.
It is arguable that education leads to higher income.

5

argumentative

quarrelsome
always ready to disagree
e.g. I've never met anyone more argumentative than Jenny; she will tell you that black is white.

6

coherent

well-planned, clear and sensible
coherence (n)
Opp: incoherent, incoherence (n)
e.g. This is a clear and coherent explanation of the workings of the internal combustion engine.

7

decisive

able to make quick decisions in a difficult situation
decisiveness (n)
Opp: indecisive, indecision (n)
e.g. Winston Churchill's decisive policies rallied the country round him at a difficult and dangerous time.

8

discreet

careful in order to avoid embarrassing or offending sb
discretion (n)
Opp: indiscreet, indiscretion (n)
e.g. Try to be as discreet as possible as he's very sensitive and easily upset.

9

excessive

more or higher than is necessary or reasonable
e.g. Don't you think that a 25% price increase is excessive, even allowing for inflation?

10

knowledgeable

well-informed
e.g. Malcolm is knowledgeable about computer hardware and will tell you everything you want to know.

11

legible

clear enough to read
legibility (n)
Opp: illegible, illegibility [(n) - not common]
e.g. I can't possibly read this; her handwriting is illegible.

12

logical

reasonable / sensible
logic (n)
Opp: illogical
e.g. There is no logical explanation for his behaviour.

13

loyal

faithful
loyalty (n)
Opp: disloyal, disloyalty (n)
e.g. A loyal friend will stand by you through good and bad times.

14

normal

usual / ordinary
normality (n)
Opp: abnormal, abnormality (n)
e.g. It's not abnormal for boys of his age to want to join the army.

15

obedient

sb who does what they are told to do
obedience (n)
Opp: disobedient, disobedience (n)
e.g. Jo is a very disobedient child and refuses to do what she is told.

16

official

approved by sb in authority
Opp: unofficial
e.g. This is the only official biography of the author currently on the market.

17

orthodox

accepted or used by most people
orthodoxy (n)
Opp: unorthodox, unorthodoxy (n)
e.g. He always gets outstanding results, despite his unorthodox teaching methods.

18

plausible

likely to be true, valid
plausibility (n)
Opp: implausible, implausibility (n)
e.g. The special effects in the film were excellent but I didn't think the plot was very plausible.

19

polite

with good manners, courteous
politeness (n)
Opp: impolite, impoliteness (n)
e.g. Timothy was a polite young man with impeccable manners.

20

practical

down-to-earth (for people)
effective / likely to be successful
practicality (n)
Opp: impractical, impracticality (n)
e.g. (im)practical person / idea / plan
Banning all vehicles from the city centre is a lovely idea but I don't think it's practical at all.

21

precise

exact
precision (n)
Opp: imprecision (n)
e.g. This machine has brought an unprecedented degree of precision to the business of dating trees.

22

preferential treatment

(to be) treated better than other people
e.g. Harry gets preferential treatment at work, with an office all to himself, just because he is the boss's nephew.

23

replaceable

disposable
Opp: irreplaceable
e.g. Many of the paintings lost in the fire were irreplaceable old masters.

24

responsible

behaving sensibly and properly
responsibility (n)
Opp: irresponsible, irresponsibility (n)
e.g. Sharon is the perfect employee; harworking and responsible.

25

ripe

fully grown, ready to eat (fruit, grain)
ripeness (n)
ripen (v)
Opp: unripe, unripeness [(n) - not common]
e.g. I'm not buying these tomatoes; they're unripe.

26

scrupulous

sb who takes great care to do what is fair, honest or morally right
scruples (n)
Opp: unscrupulous
e.g. Socrates was known for his scrupulous adherence to the truth and his refusal to compromise.