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Flashcards in Adolescent Nutrition Deck (25):
1

How much protein do adolescents need?

.85-.95g/kg

2

how much fiber do adolescents need?

9-13 males= 31g/d
14-18 males= 38g/d
9-18 females= 26g/d

3

how much lipids to adolescents need?

30-35% of calorie intake

4

Fe, Ca, D, Folic acid needs for 9-13 year olds

Fe: 8mg/d
Ca: 1300 mg/d
D: 600IU/d
Folic: 300mcg/d

5

Fe, Ca, D, folic acid needs for 14-18 year olds

Fe: 11-15mg/d
Ca: 1300mg/d
D: 600 IU/d
folic: 400mcg/d

6

the average US teen gets how much fiber?

12-16g/d

7

who (out of adolescents) are deficient in iron?

girls

8

when is the max Ca skeletal accretion?

girls: 11-14yo
boys: 16-18yo

9

how much vitamin D is needed if there is no sun exposure?

1000IU/d

10

what is the FDA max allowable level of caffiene?

71mg/12oz

11

energy drink consumption increases the risk of consuming what?

alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana, amphetamines

12

what is some nutritional therapy for those with acne?

low glycemic load diet
low saturated fat
high in whole grains, fruits and veggies
increase omega 3s

13

what should you assess for in overweight adolescents?

HTN, hyperlipidemia, tobacco use, family history of HTN, CVD risk, type 2 diabetes

14

for obese adolescents, what should you assess?

blood lipids, fasting blood glucose, microalbumin/creatine ratio

15

stage 1 treatment of overweight and obese adolescents

remove screens from bedroom
screen time limited to 2 hrs/d
1 hour of moderate/vigorous activity daily
5+ servings of fruits and veggies, limit juice
limit eating away from home
eat family meals daily
3 meals a day at least
only eat when hungry, and only until satiated
reduce intake of energy dense foods and drinks
identify correct portion sizes

16

stage 2 treatment for overweight and obese adolescents

monitor intake with daily food journal
set food and activity goals
limit screen time to no more than 1 hr/d
follow a structured meal plan with scheduled meal/snack times
reinforce positive lifestyle change with non-food rewards

17

stage 3 treatment for overweight and obese adolescents

performed by a multidisciplinary team
50-70 hr over 2-6 months
very structured and monitored

18

stage 4 treatment for overweight and obese adolescents

intensive regimens: meal replacement, protein-sparing modified fasts
meds may be used
bariatriic surgery may be an option

19

dietary recommendations for high LDL in teens

limit total fat to 25-30% energy
limit saturated fat to <7% energy
limit cholesterol to 200mg/d
add plant sterols (up to 2g/d)
at least 1 hour of moderate/vigerous activity daily
sedentary time limited to <2hr/d

20

dietary recommendations for high triglycerides in teens

limit total fat to 25-30% energy
limit saturated fat to <7% energy
decrease sugars in diet
replace simple carbs with complex carbs and whole grains
avoid sugar-sweetened beverages
increase intake of fish high in omega 3s

21

metabolic syndrome is found in what percent of teens?

2-9% of teens
12-44% of obese teens

22

physical activity for teens

all youth should get at least 60 mimutes of activity daily
few kids meet recommendations

23

female athlete triad

increased risk of fractures
decreased bone density
eventual fertility issues

24

when are teens at the highest risk for nutritional deficiency during pregnancy?

within 4 years of starting menstruation

25

most important nutrients for teens who are pregnant

folate
iron
zinc
calcium
vitamin D