Nutrition and Bone, Nutrition for CVD Flashcards Preview

Clinical Nutrition > Nutrition and Bone, Nutrition for CVD > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition and Bone, Nutrition for CVD Deck (17):
1

What triples the risk of fracture?

high animal protein intake and low calcium intake

2

high protein intake increases ___of the diet

acid load

3

PRAL

potential renal acid load

4

+PRAL

proteins, all breads, jello, pudding, bacon, walnuts, sunflower seeds, peanuts

5

-PRAL

all fruits, veggies, herbs and spices, brown sugar, molasses, cocoa, coffe

6

neutral foods

corn, butter, oils, cow's milk, honey, white sugar, water, tea

7

protein___absorption

increases

8

calcium makes ____have lower absorption

phytate, oxalate

9

most females over___do not meet RDA of calcium

8 years

10

optimal absorption occurs in doses ____

<500mg

11

what minerals should you eat more of? Less of? for calcium absorption

more: potassium, magnesium
less: sodium

12

vitamin A is..?

bad for bone

13

vitamin D is dependant on?

sunlight exposure

14

vitamin K is required to make?

osteocalcin

15

what else should you avoid to get the max amount of calcium?

heavy alcohol
high caffeine intake
excessive fiber
Ca:P of >1

16

major risk factors for CVD

HTN, age, diabetes, microalbuminuria, family history

17

modifiable risk factors for CVD

lipoproteins, high LDL, high TG, high TMAO, low HDL, inflammatory markers