Adolescents Flashcards Preview

AANP FNP: Pediatrics > Adolescents > Flashcards

Flashcards in Adolescents Deck (10):
1

Who is the primary influence on an adolescent?

parent

2

HEADSS format for interviewing adolescents

Home environment
Employment and education
Activities
Drugs
Social
Sexuality

3

What is the sexual maturity rating (SMR)?

It is the average of both Tanner Stages

4

Tanner Stages: Boys
Genital

1. Preadolescent
2. Enlargement of the testes and scrotum. Scrotum roughens and reddens.
3. Penis enlongates.
4. Penis enlarges in width and develops glans. Rugae appear.
5. Adult.

5

Tanner Stages: Girls
Breast Development

1. Preadolescent.
2. Breast buds.
3. Breast enlargement WITHOUT separate nipple contour.
4. Areola and nipple project as secondary mounds.
5. Adult breasts. Nipple retracts.

6

Tanner Stages: Boys and Girls
Pubic Hair

1. Preadolescent
2. Sparse, pale, fine
3. Becomes darker, more, and curlier
4. Adult in character but not as voluminous
5. Adult pattern (to thighs)

7

What occurs at Tanner Stage 4 for girls?

Menarche
Growth slows/stops

8

What is precocious puberty?

puberty before 8yo in girls and before 9yo in boys

9

At what ages are the peak incidences of eating disorders?

Ages 14 and 18

10

Signs and symptoms of eating disorder

weight loss, amenorrhea, anemia, dry skin, constipation, low vital signs, lanugo (peach fuzz), tooth enamel erosion, Russell's sign, nail discoloration