Adult Health - Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Adult Health - Exam 1 Deck (27):
1

Na

Sodium 135-145

2

Mg

Magnesium
1.5-2.5

3

Ca

Calcium
9-11

4

Ph

Phosphorus
2.8-4.5

5

Protein

6-8

6

Glucose

70-100 (don't typically treat until >150)

7

BUN

10-30

8

Creatinine

0.5-1.5

9

WBC

4-11 thousand

10

Hgb

12-18

11

Hct

36-54

12

RBC

4-6 thousand

13

Platelets

150-400 thousand

14

Specific Gravity

1.010-1.026

15

PTT

30-40 seconds

16

PT

12-15 seconds

17

INR

0.8-1.2
THERAPEUTIC: 2-3

18

K

Potassium
3.5-5.3

19

Vasopressin

Used for low sodium. Hyponatremia

20

Low potassium Hypokalemia intervention

Potassium-sparing diuretic

21

Who can't be given potassium?

Crush patients

22

When can you begin potassium protocol?

Creatinine

23

When to use controlled pump for potassium

Hypokalemia. 10 meq for low, 20 meq when less than 2.5 K. Creatinine must be less than 2 and mg greater than 1.1

24

Kayexalate

Used for potassium excretion. HYPERKALEMIA. Monitor for hypovolemia, skin care, and dialysis if severe

25

Push/pull for potassium

Hyperkalemia. Give insulin + d50 and albuterol

26

What hormones increase calcium?

Pth and vitamin D

27

Biphosphonate intervention

Take with full glass of water, sit up for 30 minutes