Adulthood 2/22 Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Adulthood 2/22 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Adulthood 2/22 Deck (26):
1

Emerging Adulthood

Jeffrey Arnett suggests early ad. its too broad
18-25
-uncertainty/exploration thrive
20s population is at diff stage than 20 year olds of 50 years old

2

Marriage

Mututal respect is important

3

Divorce

90% of single parents are mother & children
-support paid/visits decline years after divorce
-divorced parents help by focusing on children instead of each other, not denying child support/visitation

4

Changes in Middle Adult

-menopause/midlife crisis
-stable career
-gain weight easily

5

Middle adulthood

40-59
Men become emotionally expressive
-women more assertive/independent
-eyesight/hearing difficulties

6

Empty nest period

Time after children leave home
-some mothers feel depressed/useless
-women w/o outside activities are more deressed

7

Menopause

Change of life
Biggest symptons
-insomnia
-hot flashes
Small % have physical symptoms

8

Late Adulthood
Gerontology

60+
The branch of psychology that studies the aging process and the problems of old people

9

The aging people

Life spans for each species are preprogrammed
Humans will die by 110/115 even w/o disease

10

As we age, face probs with...

Vision
Hearing
More prone to disease

11

Memory

Having trouble w ones memory does not happen to all individuals in late adulthood

12

When (memory loss) does occur

-can be distressing and frustrating
Can have strong negative effect on their self concepts
Can cause anxiety and depression

13

Intelligence

Does not decline as an individual ages
Old score lower than younger bc
-try too hard/anxious
-test questions might be too small to read
-measures school potential which is irrelevant to old people

14

Senile dementia

Loss of mental faculties in old age (occurs in 23% of aged population)

15

Cerebral arteriosclerosis

Blockage of blood vessels to the brain; can result in loss of mental faculties

16

Alzheimer's disease

Disease involving loss of chemical nerve cell transmitters and other damage to nerve transmission and results in mental deterioration

-can lead to disruption of speech, personality, memory and body control

17

Late adulthood concerns

Poor health
Social isolation
Loss of feeling meaningful to society

18

Retirement

Most like new lives
Individuals who are active before retirement tend to be just as active after they retire

19

Institutionalization

Only 5% end up in nursing homes

20

Death
Thanatology

Study of death and methods for coping with it

21

What are terminally ill people most afraid of

-loss of mastery over themselves
-separation from loved ones
-fear of being replaced by another

22

Terminally ill usually go

To hospice

23

Elizabeth Kubler Ross
Five stages of grief

Denial
Anger
Bargaining
Depression
Acceptance

24

Marital satisfaction at its lowest

40s

25

Sex priorities

Men career
Women marriage

26

Early Adulthood

20-39
Most people take on responsibilities of marriage, career, and children