Test 1/21 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 1/21 Deck (41):
1

What is adolescence?

the period of development between childhood and adulthood
-starts at 11 or 12 over by 18 or 19
-divided into 3 smaller groups

2

3 groups of adolescents

1. Early Adol. (ages 11 to 14)
2.Middle Adol. (ages 14 to 16)
3. Late Adol. (ages 16 to 19)

3

Puberty

time of sexual maturation

4

Hormones

chemicals that control body growth, emotional responses, and physical changes, and responsible for sexual maturation

5

Adrenal Glands

produces adrenaline, secretes the stimulation hormone

6

Gonads Glands

Sex glands

7

Pituitary Glands

secretes the growth hormone

8

Changes (M VS F)

M:
-noticeable voice changes
-dev of facial hair/thicker body hair
F:
-breast dev
-start of menstruation

9

Other effects of hormones

-acne
-increased perspiration
(can cause embarrassment for young adults)

10

Growth spurts

a rapid increase in growth during puberty (can earlier w females)

11

Early Maturer

someone who's physical development is one and one half years or more ahead of average dev

12

Late Maturer

someone whose physical dev is one and one half years more behind average dev

13

Effects of early boy maturers

-high self esteem

14

Effects of late boy maturers

-low self esteem

15

Effects of early girls maturers

-low self esteem

16

Effects of late girl maturers

-high self esteem

17

Crowds

large groups w/ loose rules and changeable membership
-shared interests/dress style

18

Pros of cliques

-someone has your back
-sense of stability

19

Cons of cliques

-no new friends
-Queenbee

20

Cliques

very tight group w/ limited membership and strict rules

21

Gangs

rebellious, antisocial group w strict rules; not connected w accepted school or social organizations

22

Early Ad. vs Late Ad.

-need to conform to a group is strongest in early
-need to conform to a group declines as teenager continues through ad.

23

Eating disorders

conditions in which a person cannot read the boys nutritional signals and eats or refuses to eat for the wrong reasons

24

Anorexia

Preoccupation w dieting and thinness leading to excessive weight loss

25

Bulimia

Compulsive overeating w purging

26

Pica

eating non nutritional objects

27

Physical dangers of anorexia

-irregular heartbeat
-lack of menstrual period
-dehydration. kidney stones/kidney fails
-lanugo/fine body hair that develops to keep body hair warm
-muscle atrophy
-bowel irratation/constipation
-osteoporosis as result of calcium loss

28

Warning signs of anorexia

-significant weight loss
-distorted body image
-fear of weight gain
-exercise alone

29

Warning signs of Bulimia

-types of cancer
-diabetes
-gall bladder disease
-heart disease/high blood pressure
-high cholesterol

30

Treatment for eating disorders

-hospitalization
-medication
-dental work
-counseling

31

Erik Erikson

believed there was psychosocial crisis during each stage

32

james marcia

1. identity foreclosure
2. diffusion
3. moratorium
4. achievement

33

eriksons stages of psychosocial dev

1. trust vs mistrust (birth to 1)
2.autonomy vs shame/doubt (1 to 2)
3. Initiative vs guilt (3 to 5)
4. industry vs inferiority (6 to puberty)
5. identity vs role confusion (ad)
6. intimacy vs isolation (early adulthood)
7. generativity vs stagnation (mid adh)
8. integrity vs despair (elder)

34

james marcia foreclosure

definite commitment, no searching

35

james marcia negative identity

identity that results from bad self image

36

james marcia diffusion

uncertainty about self
no commitment, no searching

37

james marcia moratorium

delay in decision making/commitment
no comm, but searching

38

james marcia achievement

good image of self
-firm comm, experiences soul searching

39

rite of passage

society recognizes that adulthood is reached

40

juvenile delinquency

repeated violations of the law by those aged 17
& younger

41

ways to communicate

-good timing
-be direct
-no blame game
-no bringing up history