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Abnormal Pyschology > Aging > Flashcards

Flashcards in Aging Deck (81):
1

Mental illness is more common in older people

False, mental illness actually occurs less

2

Gender Differences in Mental illness in older individuals

Gender Differences equal out, decrease

3

Mental illness is underestimated in older individuals

True, may be due to them focusing on more somatic symptoms and seeking out medical rather than psychological help

4

Difficulty in diagnosing mental illness in 65+

Mental health issue or normal age-related cognitive decline.

Mental illness symptoms or chronic illness issue

Medicinal side effects

Overlapping symptoms

5

Client Issues with Treatment for 65+

Beliefs about treatment
Transportation issues

6

Systematic issues with 65+ treatment

Not enough services and resources to deal with mental illness in elders

7

Therapist issues with 65+ treatment

Not enough experience with mental illness in elders

8

What treatment do elders prefer

Psychotherapy

9

Number of suicides are reduced because they perceive time as limited

False, # of completed suicides increase
They use more lethal means

10

Why does the suicide rate increase

Elders have less social support meaning there are less interventions

11

Major risk factor for Suicide

Inability to perform daily functioning activities

Eating
Bathroom
Dressing

12

Schizophrenia's two variations

Typical onset
Late onset

13

Late onset schizophrenia starts

After 40

14

LO Schizophrenia more common in?

Women

15

LO schizophrenics have more bizarre Hallucinations and less flat affect

True, they have a better range of emotions therefore a less flat affect

16

What approaches are used towards schizophrenia in elders

Anti-psychotic meds
Psychotherapy

17

Sleep-wake Disorders are less common in Older people

False, sleep- wake disorders increase
Less deep sleep and REM sleep

18

What does lack of REM sleep cause in elders

There is less restoration of psychological energy

19

Lack of deep sleep causes

Lack of restoration of physical energy

20

Older individuals tend to forget old facts due to normal aging

False,
Their crystallized intelligence is stable
H/E fluid Intelligence (ability to learn new things)decreases

21

Older people have difficulty ,making new memories

TRUE,
their long-term memory is stable but new memories are harder to make

22

Attention abilities decrease in Elders

Simple attention is stable but divided attention abilities decrease

23

Declined word retrieval abilities

True, they have trouble finding the right word to express their thought but their language skills are not affected

24

Slow in problem-solving abilities

They can problem-solve just fine but they are slower due to a decline in processing speed

25

Successful aging

Researchers: Physical functioning w/out disabilities

Elders: Adaptation and subjective wellbeing

26

Theories of successful Aging

Selective Optimization with Compensation
Socio-Emotional Selectivity Theory
Strength and Vulnerability Integration Theory

27

Selective Optimization with Compensation

Adapting to losses

28

Socio-Emotional Selectivity Theory

Changing goals with changing perceptions

Younger = Unlimited time = physical goals

Older = Limited time = Emotional goals (more positive)

29

Strength and Vulnerability Integration Theory

Better emotional regulation

Use strats to avoid negative experiences and increase well-being

30

What mental illnesses increase in old age

Sleep-wake Disorders
Neurodegenerative Disorders

31

Common age-related Sleep-Wake problems

Less time asleep
Less proportion of slow wave sleep
Less REM sleep
More frequent Awakenings

32

Most common sleep-wake disorder in older adults

Insomnia

33

What treatment works best for insomnia

Psychotherapy
Meds are just a temporary solution

34

Second most common sleep-wake disorder

Restless Leg syndrome

35

Treatment for RLS

Meds

36

Sleep Apnea

5+ periods of stopping breathing for more than 10 seconds

37

Sleep apnea is more common in

Men

38

Treatment for sleep apnea

Weight loss
Change of sleep position
Avoid certain substances
CPAP machine
Surgery

39

Delirium

Disturbance in attention, awareness and cognition

40

Common symptoms of Delirium

Poor attention
Disorganized thinking
Altered consciousness
Memory impairment
Hallucinations
Aggression
Confusion over simple things

41

Duration of Delirium

Less than a week

42

Is Delirium fatal

Yes. in 40% of cases

43

Presentation of Delirium

Hypoactive
Hyperactive
Mixed presentation

44

Hypoactive Delirium

Sleepy/drowsy
Less talking and activity

Often missed

45

Hyperactive Delirium

Agitated
Restless
Irritable
Hallucinations

46

Treatment for Delirium

Treat underlying cause

47

Gender Differences in Neurocognitive Disorders

More commonly women

48

Are neurocognitive disorders fatal

Yes they are all fatal

49

What criteria is needed to be diagnosed with Mild neurocognitive disorder

Memory Impairment
Normal cognitive functioning
Normal social and occupational functioning
No major NCD

50

Do other people have to notice the memory issues in Mild NCD?

Yes, the memory impairment must be collaborated with other people because elders tend to be paranoid about memory issues occurring

51

Is Mild NCD a risk factor for anything

5-10x more likely to develop dementia

52

Common issues in stage 1 Alzheimer's

Memory problems
Concentration problems
Unclear thinking

53

Common issues in Stage 2 Alzheimer's

Amnesia
Aphasia
Apraxia
Agnosia
Trouble making decisions

54

Amnesia

ST memory loss

55

Aphasia

Language troubles

56

Apraxia

Difficulty moving

57

Agnosia

Trouble naming things

58

Stage 1 Alzheimer's is difficult on?

Difficult on patient

59

Stage 2 Alzheimer's is Difficult on?

Difficult on care takers

60

Late stage Alzheimer's consists of?

Mobility troubles
Delusions and Hallucinations

61

Causes of Alzheimer's

Tangles and Plaques kill brain cells
Atrophy of the cortex
Genes

62

Where does cell death start in Alzheimer's

Hippocampus

63

Progression of Alzheimer's

8-10 years for complete cell death

64

Cure for Alzheimer's

None

65

Therapy for Alzheimer's

Patients: focus on challenging behaviours
Caretakers: Reducing distress

66

Vascular Dementia

Cognitive slowing
Memory retrieval problems
Executive Dysfunction

67

What is VD caused by

Strokes

68

Progression of VD

Gets worse with each stroke

69

Treatment for VD

Lifestyle interventions (Reduce risk factors)
Meds

70

Alzheimer's gene affects mostly

Women

71

Frontal Temporal Dementia

Personality and Psychological changes

72

FT Dementia affects more

Younger adults

73

Emotional changes in FT Dementia

Loss of empathy and Apathy (lack of interest)

74

Behavioural changes in FT Dementia

Impulsive
Inappropriate in social situations
Isolation

75

Psychological changes in FT Dementia

Poor judgement
Increased cravings for sweet food

76

When does memory loss occur in FT Dementia

In the last stage

77

Lewy Body Dementia

Lewy bodies cause interruption in brain messages

78

Key features of LB Dementia

Psychosis
Fluctuating cognition
Parkinsonism

79

Psychosis in LB Dementia

Hallucinations (visual)
Delusions

80

Fluctuating cognition

Variation in alertness and attention

81

Treatment for LB Dementia

Meds for symptoms