Alcohol and drugs Flashcards Preview

Sportsci 206 > Alcohol and drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Alcohol and drugs Deck (16):
1

How much energy does each gram contain?

28kj/7kcal

2

What are the psychological effects of alcohol?

CNS disinhibiton
reduced pain sensitivity
reduced anxiety
enhances self confidence
promotes aggression

3

What are the physiological effects of alcohol?

altered CV/thermoregulatory function
impaired gluconeogenesis
impaired glycogen synthesis
negative fluid balance
excessive perivascular vasodilation

4

What effect does alcohol have after exercise?

increased muscle blood flow leading to increased swelling
decreased pain sensitivity encouraging overuse
failure to observe good practice such as RICE

5

What are the advice to athletes about alcohol?

encourages increased urine water loss causes dehydration
energetically not useful to muscle
no useful nutrient
can delay healing of muscles

6

What are anabolic steroids?

cell growth steroids

7

What are androgenic steroids?

development and promotion of male characteristics

8

What do steroids do?

mimic the effects of the male sex hormones increasing the protein synthesis especially in muscles

9

how are steroids administered?

oral pills (low bioavaliability)
injectable solution IM
skin patches (low dose)

10

How do steroids effect performance?

enhanced muscle synthesis
increased muscle mass
enhanced blood volume
increased bone density
rapid healing
decreased body fat
decreased immune function
enhanced mood

11

What are the physiological effects of steroids?

liver disease
CVD
acne
sterility
infection

12

What are the psychological effects of steroids?

roid rage
depression
increased risk of suicide
disturbed sleep

13

What is blood doping?

increasing the number of red blood cells

14

How is blood doping carried out?

athletes or a donors blood is harvested and then transfused prior to event

15

What is EPO

Erythropoietin

16

What are the dangers of blood doping?

raises blood viscosity
increases chance of clotting
increased chance of infection
can induce polycythemia