Flashcards in Alcohol and drugs Deck (16):
How much energy does each gram contain?
What are the psychological effects of alcohol?
reduced pain sensitivity
enhances self confidence
What are the physiological effects of alcohol?
altered CV/thermoregulatory function
impaired glycogen synthesis
negative fluid balance
excessive perivascular vasodilation
What effect does alcohol have after exercise?
increased muscle blood flow leading to increased swelling
decreased pain sensitivity encouraging overuse
failure to observe good practice such as RICE
What are the advice to athletes about alcohol?
encourages increased urine water loss causes dehydration
energetically not useful to muscle
no useful nutrient
can delay healing of muscles
What are anabolic steroids?
cell growth steroids
What are androgenic steroids?
development and promotion of male characteristics
What do steroids do?
mimic the effects of the male sex hormones increasing the protein synthesis especially in muscles
how are steroids administered?
oral pills (low bioavaliability)
injectable solution IM
skin patches (low dose)
How do steroids effect performance?
enhanced muscle synthesis
increased muscle mass
enhanced blood volume
increased bone density
decreased body fat
decreased immune function
What are the physiological effects of steroids?
What are the psychological effects of steroids?
increased risk of suicide
What is blood doping?
increasing the number of red blood cells
How is blood doping carried out?
athletes or a donors blood is harvested and then transfused prior to event
What is EPO