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Flashcards in Disordered Eating Deck (12):
1

How many americans have anorexia?

0.5-3.7%

2

How do you asses disordered eating?

Eating attitudes test and eating disorder inventory
Patients with anorexia generally score higher than 30. People may not respond truthfully

3

What are the classifications of disordered eating?

anorexia nervosa
bulimia nervosa
ednos
anorexia athletica (w/ compulsive exercising)

4

Describe the anorexia nervousa physical symptoms

hypothermia
low HR
muscle weakness
susceptible to overuse injuries
reduced bone density and increased susceptibility to stress fractures
frequent infections
poor wound healing
low hb etc

5

Describe the anorexia nervousa psychological system

general anxiety
avoidance of eating
claims of being fat despite being thin
resistance to recommendations for weight gain
unusual weighing behaviors
excessive training
OCD
social withdrawal

6

What are the symptoms of bulimia?

characterised by reapeated episodes of binge eating following
food often eaten in secrecy
person will disappear after a meal
not usually underweight

7

What are the physical symptoms of bulimia?

dehydration
dental or gum problems
bloating etc
GI problems

8

What are the psychological symptoms of bulimia?

binge eating
secretive eating
laxative use

9

What is ednos?

all the criteria for anorexia except normal menses and the body weight is still normal despite significant loss
all the criteria for buimia but the behavior only happens around twice a week

10

What are the risk factors for eating disorders?

being female
being an athlete
age at which sport specific training begins
dieting
personaility
exercise dependence

11

What are the effects of eating disorders on sports performance?

increases VO2 max
body has to tap into vitamin and mineral reserves
loss of muscle mass
dehydration
electrolyte disturbances

12

What are the effects of eating disorders on health?

depression
fatigue
anger
low energy
stunted growth
delayed puberty
poor bone development
susceptibility to fractures